Aleksandra Anđelković, Goran Milovanović

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Supply chains, as networks of companies, are focused on creating greater value to meet market needs with aim to achieve higher profitability. In this regard, all activities and processes within supply chain, starting from supply of raw materials until to the delivery of final products at the market, must be organized bearing in mind the aim of the supply chain. The focus of the paper is on upstream supply chian, and on solving the dilemma of supplying from single or muliple sources. The significance of this part of supply chain arises from the fact that any potential disorder or disruption in supplying can jeopardize making the value for consumers and the survival of the whole chain. Considering that due to the reduction in the complexity of upstream supply chain management, there is a trend of supplier base reduction, the aim of the paper is to determine how much this trend is present in the Republic of Serbia, with a special emphasis on the food industry. Using by regression analysis  and based on the results of empirical research.


upstream, supplier base, supply chain, food industry

Full Text:



Агенција за привредне регистре (2016). 100 нај привредних друштава у Републици Србији у 2016. – Подаци из редовних годишњих финансијских извештаја [100 the best… companies in the Republic of Serbia in 2016. – Data from the regular annual financial reports]. Retrieved from

Anđelković, A. (2015). Supply chain risk managment for the purpose of increasing its resilience (Ph.D. Thesis).

Anđelković, A., Barac, N. & Radosavljević, M. (2017). Analysis of Factors of Disruptions/Interruptions in Upstream Supply Chain and Their Influence on Vulnerability. Themes – Journal for Social Science, 41(2), 489-502. DOI: 10.22190/TEME1702489A

Barac, N., Milovanović, G. (2006). Strategijski menadžment logistike [Strategic Logistics Management]. Niš: SKC.

Behdani, B., Adhitya, A., Lukszo, Z. & Srinivasan, R. (2012). How to Handle Disruptions in Supply Chains – An Integrated Framework and a Review of Literature. Retrieved from

Berger, P.D. & Zeng, A.Z. (2006). Single versus multiple sourcing in the presence of risks. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 57(3): 250-261.

Berger, P.D., Gerstenfeld, A. & Zeng, A.Z. (2004). How many suppliers are best? A decision-analysis approach. Omega, 32(1): 9-15.

Blome, C. & Henke, M. (2009). Single versus Multiple Sourcing: A Supply Risk. In Zsidisin, G., & Ritchie, B. (Eds.), Supply Chain Risk: A Handbook of Assessment, Management, and Performance (pp. 125-136). New York: Springer.

Burke, G.J., Garrillo, J.E. & Vakharia, A.J. (2007). Single versus multiple supplier sourcing strategies. European Journal of Operational Research, 182(1): 95-112.

Chen, J. (2016). Sourcing for Quality: Cooperating with a Single Supplier or Developing Two Competing Suppliers? Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 4: 1-13.

Christopher, M. (2010). New Directions in Logistics. In Waters, D. (Ed.), Global Logistics: New Directions in Supply Chain Management (pp. 1-13). London: Kogan Page.

Christopher, M. (2011). Logistics & Supply Chain Management. London: Prentice Hall.

Clark, D. (2005). Intel’s next CEO charts new course. The Wall Street Journal, January 12, B1.

Constantino, N. & Pellegrino, R. (2010). Choosing between single and mulitple sourcing based on supplier default risk: A real options approach. Journal of Purchasing & Supply Managment, 16(1): 27-40.

Faisal, N. (2009). Prioritization of Risks in Supply Chains. In Wu, T. & Blackhurst, J. (Eds.), Managing Supply Chain Risk and Vulnerability: Tools and Methods for Supply Chain Decision Makers (pp. 9-28). London: Springer.

Fawcett, S.E., Ellram, L.M. & Ogden, J.A. (2007). Supply Chain Management-From Vision to Implementation. New Jersy: Pearson Education, Inc.

Gibbs, R. & Humphries, A. (2009). Strategic Alliances and Marketing Partnership: Gaining Competitive Advantage through Collaboration and Partnering. London and Philadelphia: Kogan Page.

Glock, Ch.H. (2012). Single sourcing versus dual sourcing under conditions of learning. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 62(1): 318-328.

Handfield, R.B. & Nichols, E.L. (2002). Supply Chain Redesign: Transforming Supply Chains into Integrated Value System. New York: Prentice Hall.

Ivanov, D. (2017). Simulation-Based Single vs. Dual Sourcing Analysis in the Supply Chain with Consideration of Capacity Disruptions, Big Data And Demand Patterns. International Journal of Integrated Supply Management, 11(1): 24-43.

Larson, P.D. & Kulchisky, J.D. (1998). Single sourcing and supplier certification: performance and relationship implications. Industrial Marketing Management, 27(1): 73–81.

Monczka, R.M., Trent, R.J. & Handfield, R.B. (2005). Purchasing and Supply Chain Management. London: South-Western College Publication.

Namdar, J., Li, X., Sawhney, R. & Pradhan, N. (2018). Supply Chain Resilience for Single and Multiple Sourcing in the Presence of Disruption Risks. International Journal of Production Research, 56(6): 2339-2360.

Nelson, D., Mayo, R. & Moody, P.E. (1998). Powered by Honda: Developing Excellence in the Global Enterprise. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Pochard, S. (2003). Managing Risks of Supply-Chain Disruptions: Dual Sourcing as a Real Option (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from

Sweeney, Е. (2013). Supply Chain "Mega-Trends": Current Status and Future Trends. Journal of the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT) in Ireland, 4: 31-34.

Tang, Ch. & Tomlin, B. (2008). The Power of Flexibility for Mitigating Supply Chain Risks. International Journal of Production Economics, 116(1): 12–27.

Yu, H., Zeng, A.Z. & Zhao, L. (2009). Single or dual sourcing: decision-making in the presence of supply chain disruption risks. Omega, 37(4): 788-800.

Zeng, Z.A. (1998). Single or mulitple sourcing: An integrated optimization framework for sustaining time-based competetiveness. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 6(4): 10-25.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804