Ana Batrićević, Jelena želeskov Đorić, Boban Petrović, Branislava Knežić

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Probation and parole are intended as alternatives to incarceration for eligible offenders. In various European jurisdictions research studies indicated the importance of the offenders’ perspective in supervision; however, the contribution of this factor is still unclear and underexplored. In the present study, we explored the offenders’ experience of the supervision process, based upon the experience of 22 convicts. To understand the offenders’ experience, we used the newly constructed tool, Eurobarometer, which measures eight core domains of offender supervision. The pilot study was conducted in Belgrade and was a part of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology initiative (COST) which was implemented in eight European jurisdictions. Results confirmed that the offenders’ perception of supervision can be significant in various domains of offenders’ life and that Eurobarometer can be significant in capturing that experience.


offenders, supervision, probation, criminal justice, alternative sanctions

Full Text:



Batrićević, A. (2011). Zaštitnik građana i poštovanje prava zatvorenika u Republici Srbiji [Ombudsperson and the Respect of Prisoners' Rights in the Republic of Serbia]. Branič, 124(1–2), 135–156.

Canton, R. (2016). Yes, no, possibly, maybe: Community sanctions, consent, and cooperation. European Journal of Probation, 6(3), 209–224. doi: 10.1177/2066220314549522

CM/Rec(2010)1 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on the Council of Europe Probation Rules. Retrieved from

Criminal Code of the Republic of Serbia, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 85 (2005), 88 (2005), 107 (2005), 72 (2009), 111 (2009), 121 (2012), 104 (2013), 108 (2014), and 94 (2016)

Ćopić, S. (2015). Alternativne sankcije i mere restorativne pravde u Srbiji: analiza početnog stanja [Alternative Sanctions and the Measures of Restorative Justice: the Analysis of Initial State]. In V. Nikolić-Ristanović, & N. Vučković, (Eds.), Stavovi građana i stručnjaka o alternativnim sankcijama i restorativnoj pravdi [Attitudes of Citizens and Experts on Restorative Justice] (pp. 7–49). Belgrade: Fondacija Centar za demokratiju.

Durnescu, I., Kennefick, L., Sucic, I., & Glavak Tkalic, R. (2018). Experiencing offender supervision in Europe: The Eurobarometer – Lessons from the pilot study. Probation Journal, 65(1), 7–26. doi: 10.1177/0264550517748360

Durnescu, I. (2013). Community sanctions. In S. Body-Gendrot, M. Hough, K. Kerezsi, R. Lévy & S. Snacken (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of European Criminology ( pp. 409-421). New York: Routledge.

European Commission (2016). Serbia 2016 Report Accompanying the document Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions 2016 Communication on EU Enlargement Policy. Retrieved from

Flynn, N., & Little, R. (2016). Community Justice Files 38. British Journal of Community Justice, 14(1), 139–145.

Joseph, M.M. (2013). Seven Laws of Successful Correction and Rehabilitation: A Case against Prison. Bloomington: Author House.

Knežić, B. (2017). Obrazovanje osuđenika: način da se bude slobodan [Education of Convicts: a Way to be Free]. Belgrade: Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja.

Law on Special Measures for the Prevention of Criminal Offences against Sexual Freedom Committed against Juvenile Persons, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 32 (2013)

Law on the Execution of Non-custodial Sanctions and Measures, Official Gazette of the Republic of Serbia, No. 55 (2014)

LeBel, T.P. (2012). Invisible stripes? Formerly Incarcerated Person’s Perceptions of Stigma. Deviant Behavior, 33(2), 89–107. doi: 10.1080/01639625.2010.538365

McIvor, G., Beyens, K., Blay, E., & Boone, M. (2010). Community service in Belgium, the Netherlands, Scotland and Spain: a comparative perspective. European Journal of Probation, 2(1), 82-98. doi: 10.1177/206622031000200106

McNeill, F. (2013). Community Sanctions and European Penology. In T. Daems, S. Snacken, & D. Van Zyl Smit (Eds.), European penology (pp. 170–192). London: Hart Publishing.

Mears, D. P., Cochran, J. C., Bales, W. D., & Bhati, A. S. (2016). Recidivism: Time served in prison. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 106(1), 81–122. Retrieved from

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia (2016). Serbia opens negotiating chapters 23 and 24. Retrieved from

Mitchell, O., Cochran, J.C., Mears, D.P., & Bales, W.D. (2016). Examining Prison Effects on Recidivism: A Regression Discontinuity Approach. Justice Quarterly, 34(4), 571-596. doi:10.1080/07418825.2016.1219762.

Moore, K.E., Stuewig, J.B., & Tangney, J. P. (2016). The Effect of Stigma on Criminal Offenders’ Functioning: A Longitudinal Mediational Model. Deviant Behavior, 37(2), 196–218. doi: 10.1080/01639625.2014.1004035

Phelps, M.S. (2013). The Paradox of Probation: Community Supervision in the Age of Mass Incarceration. Law & Policy, 35(1–2), 51-80. doi: 10.1111/lapo.12002

Rade, C.B., Desmarais, S.L., & Mitchell, R.E. (2016). A Meta-Analysis of Public Attitudes Toward Ex-Offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 43(9), 1260-1280. doi: 10.1177/0093854816655837

Rosenblum, W. (2008). Beyond the Prison Gates: Punishment and Welfare in Germany, 1850-1933. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.

Voss, M. (1995). Efficiency interests and the “rule of law” in informal proceedings. In G. Albrecht & W. Ludwig-Mayerhofer (eds), Diversion and Informal Social Control (pp. 353–367). New York: De Gruyter.

Winnick, T.A., & Bodkin, M. (2008). Anticipated Stigma and Stigma Management among those to be Labeled “Ex-Con”. Deviant Behavior, 29(4), 295–333. doi: 10.1080/01639620701588081

Želeskov Đorić, J., & Batrićević, A. (2014). Offender Supervision in Europe – General Trends and Serbian Experience. Nauka Bezbednost Policija, 19(2), 75–94.

Želeskov Đorić, J., Batrićević, A., & Kuzmanović, M. (2014). Probation in Europe: Serbia. Available at: (accessed 18 May 2018).

Želeskov Đorić, J., Batrićević, A. & Petrović, B. (2015). Experiencing community service in Belgrade – Normative framework and general impressions. Revija za kriminologiju i krivično pravo, 53(2–3), 185–196.

Protector of Citizens of the Republic of Serbia (2016). Regular Annual report of the Protector of Citizens for 2015. Retrieved from



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804