АКТИВНИ И ПАСИВНИ ОБЛИЦИ РОДИТЕЉСКОГ АНГАЖОВАЊ /ACTIVE AND PASSIVE FORMS OF PARENTAL INVOLVEMENTА У ДЕЧЈЕМ УЧЕЊУ/

Јасмина Радојловић, Данијела Илић-Стошовић, Нела Ђоновић

DOI Number
-
First page
1533
Last page
1546

Abstract


Апстракт

 

Родитељско ангажовање може имати бројне облике, како у оквиру куће, тако и у школи. Постоје многе одреднице родитељског ангажовања, што упућује на то да је то сложена активност.

Основни циљ истраживања био је да пружи информације о учешћу родитеља у дечијем учењу и школским обавезама, као и да пружи информације о могућој повезаности између активног и пасивног облика учешћа родитеља у учењу њихове деце у Србији.

Основна метода овог истраживања је аналитичко-дескриптивна. Прикупљање података за истраживање је обављено у току школске 2011/12 године, у току првог полугодишта. Узорак је чинило је 1028 родитеља и 586 деце основно школског узраста од 6,5 - 10,5 година, из две државне основне школе у Београду, Република Србија.  

Резултати показују висок степен укључености родитеља у учењу деце, било да је реч о пасивном или активном облику ангажовања, као и постојање корелације између активног и пасивног облика ангажовања. Родитељи, су, ипак, склонији пасивним облицима ангажовања у учењу деце (подстичу децу да уче и да раде домаће задатке), док је активно ангажовање родитеља (пружање помоћи око домаћих задатака), иако значајно заступљено, у поређењу са пасивним облицима ангажовања заступљено је у мањој мери.

Добијени резултати могу сугерисати да је родитељско ангажовање генерални конструкт, тешко дељив на активне и пасивне облике, и да су родитељи, који су заинтересовани за деттово образовање подједнако ангажовани и пасивно и активно. Добијени резултати, такође, могу сугерисати да успех ученика у школи подједнако зависи од обе форме ангажовања родитеља.

Кључне речи: ангажовање, родитељи, учење, основна школа.

 

Abstract

There are many determinants of parental involvement. Parental involvement in children’s education can take a number of forms, both within the home and in school, suggesting that parental involvement is a very complex activity.

            The aim of this paper is to provide information about parental involvement in their children’s learning activities and schoolwork, as well as to provide information about a possible correlation between active and passive forms of parental involvement in Serbia.

            The method of this study is analytical and descriptive. Data collection for the survey was conducted during the first semester of the academic year 2011/12. This study is based on the data collected from 1,028 parents of 586 children aged 6.5-10.5, who attended two state elementary schools in Belgrade, Serbia.

The results show a high level of parental involvement and correlation between active and passive forms of involvement. Parents report a high level of involvement in children’s education. Most parents report the passive form of involvement (encouraging children to study and to do homework), rather than the active form (provide help with the homework).

The results may suggest that parental involvement is a general construct and that parents who are interested in their child’s education are involved both actively and passively. This can also suggest that children’s academic achievement in Serbia depends both on active and passive parental involvement and that a good measure of both can yield good results.

Key words: involvement, parents, education, elementary school


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