CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES: ESSENTIAL FEATURES AND EFFICIENCY OF A DIDACTIC GAME

Biljana Jovan Stojanović, Predrag Živković, Dušan Ristanović

DOI Number
-
First page
091
Last page
107

Abstract


Bearing in mind that one of the key challenges in the school system is the development of mental abilities, in this paper, we discuss the possibilities of the influence of didactic games on the development of concepts about geometric forms, the abilities of analytical and synthetic thinking and the abilities to draw a conclusion. The aim of this research was to examine the possibility of encouraging the development of the thinking skills of first grade pupils of the primary school, using a system of didactic games. Research design involved the implementation of a parallel-group experiment on the sample of 163 primary school pupils (6.5 to 7.5 years old). The following instruments were applied: The Kamenov’s instrument for testing the level of development of concepts on geometric shapes, Raven's progressive colour matrices and Kohs Block Design Test. The results of the research showed that the system of didactic games significantly influenced the development of concepts about geometric shapes, the development of the ability to conclude, but not the ability of the analytical and synthetic thinking of pupils.


Keywords

mental abilities, teaching, system of didactic games, pupil, the ability to draw a conclusion, analytical and synthetic thinking.

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