Zenaida Šabotić, Srđan Marinković, Dragić Banković

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The process of joining the European Union is largely driven by the procedures developed clearly and in graet detail, and at first glance it may appear that the entire process does not have much room for creative functioning of national monetary authorities. However, given the duration of this process, the sequence of steps and preparatory actions have become an important aspect of the overall process, which is the responsibility of the candidate countries. The decision about the future steps should be made on the basis of an objective scientific analysis, based on the quantitative economic indicators. Therefore, it is very important for any prospective member states to determine the optimal moment of accession to the European Union, and later to the European Monetary Union, in terms of minimizing the adjustment costs, and maximizing the benefits of the future membership. The aim is to determine the optimal moment of Serbia's accession to the European Union, from the economic aspect, i.e. reaching the numerical values of the key macroeconomic data that were singled out as the most important indicators in this process.

Key words: European Union, monetary integration, convergence criteria, macroeconomic indicators, Republic of Serbia.


Процес прикључења Европској унији у великој је мери вођен јасним и де- таљно развијеним процедурама, па на први поглед може изгледати као да у це- локупном процесу нема превише простора за креативно деловање националних монетарних власти. Међутим, с обзиром на трајање овог процеса, редослед ко- рака и припремне радње постају важан аспект укупног процеса, који остаје у надлежности држава кандидата. Oдлуку о будућим корацима треба донети на основу објективне научне анализе, која ће бити заснована на квантитавним еко- номским индикаторима. Стога је одређење оптималног момента приступања Европској унији веома важно за сваку од будућих земаља чланица, а потом и Европској монетраној унији са аспекта смањивања трошкова прилагођавања и повећавања користи од будућег чланства. Циљ рада је одређивање оптималног момента уласка Србије у Европску унију са економског аспекта, односно дости- зања нумеричких вредности кључних макроеономских података који су се из- двојили као најзначајнији индикатори у овом процесу.

Кључне речи: Европска унија, монетарне интеграције, критеријуми конвергенције, макроекономски индикатори, Република Србија



European Union, monetary integration, convergence criteria, macroeconomic indicators, Republic of Serbia.

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