DOES ARTICLE 2 OF THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRESCRIBE AN ABSOLUTE PROHIBITION OF THE DEATH PENALTY? THE IMPACT OF RECENT PRACTICE OF EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

Ivan B Ilić, Saša Sava Knežević

DOI Number
https://doi.org/10.22190/TEME190205042I
First page
607
Last page
620

Abstract


In paragraph 1 of Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), the imposition of the death penalty is permitted, as a departure from the right to life. In the last decades there has been a tendency for the absolute abolition of the death penalty, in times of war and peace. As a result of this effort, almost all European countries abolished the death penalty. In addition, the Council of Europe adopted Protocol 6 and Protocol 13, which completely abolished the death penalty. The European Court also, in its practice, using the principle of "convention as a living instrument", has changed its approach to the scope of the ban on the application of the death penalty. The authors deal with a critical interpretation of the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights, trying to answer the question, of whether there has been an abrogation of the provision of paragraph 1 of Article 2, so that according to that provision, there is an absolute ban on the application of the death penalty in the Council of Europe member states.


Keywords

right to life, ECHR, ECtHR, death penalty, Protocol 6 and 13

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al Nashiri v Poland, app. no. 28761/11;

Al-Saadon and Mufdhi v the UK, app. no. 61498/08,

Al-Saadon and Mufdhi v the UK, app. no. 61498/08;

Ancel, M, (1962) Capital Punishment, New York, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs;

Bader and Kanbor, app. no. 13284/04;

Bahaddar v. the Netherlands, app. no 25894/94;

Barno Saidova v. Tajikistan, Communication No. 964/2001;

Behrmann, C, Yorke, J, (2013) The European Union and abolition of the death penalty, Pace International Law Review Online Companion, 4(1), 1-78;

Capital Punishment, UN General Assemby A/RES/32/61 (1977);

Chisanga v Zambia, Communication No. 1132/2002;

Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Kenya, UN document CCPR/CO/83/KEN, (2005);

Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, UN document CCPR/C/79/Add.101, (1998);

Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Peru, UN document CCPR/C/79/Add.67, (1996);

Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Sudan, UN document CCPR/C/79/Add.85; (1997);

Concluding observations of the Human Rights Committee: Uganda, UN document CCPR/CO/80/UGA, (2003);

Concluding Observations: Guatemala, UN document CCPR/CO/72/GTM, (2001);

Concluding Observations: Iran, UN document CCPR/C/79/Add.25, (1993);

Concluding Observations: Thailand, UN document CCPR/CO/84/THA, (2005);

Demir v Turkey, app. no. 55373/00 (dec.),

Einhorn v France, app. no. 71555/01 (dec.);

General comment No. 36 (2018) on article 6 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, on the right to life, (CCPR/C/GC/36), (2018);

Harris, D, O'Boyle, M, Bates, E, Buckley, C, (2014) Law on the European Convention of Human Rights, Oxford University Press;

Heyns C, Probert, T, (2015) The right to life and the progressive abolition of the death penalty, in: Moving Away from the Death Penalty: Arguments, Trends and Perspectives, 214-227.

Hilaire, Constantine and Benjamin et al. v. Trinidad and Tobago, case 12.269;

Ismaili v. Germany (dec.), app. no. 58128/00;

Luboto v Zambia, Communication No. 390/1990;

Mamatkulov and Askarov v. Turkey [GC], app. nos. 46827/99 and 46951/99;

Maryam Khalilova v. Tajikistan, Communication No. 973/2001;

Ocalan v Turkey, app. no. 46221/99;

Pratt and Morgan v Jamaica, Communication No. 210/1986;

Pretty v. The United Kingdom, app. no. 2346/02;

Reid v. Jamaica, Communication No. 250/1987;

Report of the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, E/CN.4/1999/39, (1999);

Report of the Special Rapporteur on the extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, E/CN.4/1997/60, 24. (1996);

Implementation of the safeguards guaranteeing protection of the rights of those facing the death penalty, Resolution 1989/64, The Economic and Social Council, (1989);

Rodley, N, (2015) The death penalty as a human rights issue, in: Moving Away from the Death Penalty: Arguments, Trends and Perspectives, 204-214;

Rrapo v Albania, app. no. 58555/10;

S.R. v. Sweden (dec.), app. no. 62806/00;

Safarmo Kurbanova v. Tajikistan, Communication No. 1096/2002;

Soering v. the United Kingdom, app. no. 14038/88;

Soering v. the United Kingdom, app. no. app. no. 14038/88;

The Question of the Death Penalty, UN Commission on Human Rights, Human Rights Resolution 2005/59, E/CN.4/RES/2005/59, (2005);

CCPR General Comment No. 6: Article 6 (Right to Life), UN Human Rights Committee (HRC), 30 April 1982;




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22190/TEME190205042I

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804