Nikola Bošković, Danijela Despotović, Lela Ristić

DOI Number
First page
Last page


This paper analyzes the development of the energy sector in the Republic of Serbia in the previous period, which has exhibited certain economic and non-economic disadvantages that are unacceptable in the long-term. Modern economic development raises a number of challenges to be addressed in order to ensure long-term sustainability of the energy sector as one of the key drivers of the national economy. These challenges are the result of numerous factors, the most influential being the role the energy sector plays in the development of the national economy, on the one hand, and growing use of non-renewable energy resources and environmental pollution caused by rapid and uncontrolled development of energy sector based on exploitation of the aforementioned group of resources, on the other hand. In addition, it is necessary to implement sustainable energy development in the Republic of Serbia to secure meeting of economic, environmental, social and other sustainable development goals. It is imperative that development of energy sector moves forwards the more intensive use of renewable energy sources and increase energy efficiency in order to meet the growing demand for energy products. Within the framework of the EU accession process, and in line with the harmonization requirements with the EU acquis pertaining to the energy sector, the Republic of Serbia has also committed to achieve sustainable development of its energy sector and systems. In order to be able to implement the above stated, it is necessary to diversify the offer of energy resources and to provide secure energy supply, i.e., the supply of final energy products to industry and households, at the same time respecting the objectives of a controlled reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. The only possible long-term and sustainable concept of energy development is the concept designed in this manner.


sustainable development, energy sector, energy efficiency, renewable energy sources, Republic of Serbia

Full Text:

PDF (Cрпски)


Banjac, M., Ramić, B., Lilić, D., & Pantić, A. (2015). Energija u Srbiji 2013 [Energy in Serbia 2013]. Beograd: Ministarstvo rudarstva i energetike.

Brundtland, G. (1987). Our Common Future: Report of the World Commission on Sustainable Development. Geneva: United Nations.

Cirstea, S. D., Moldovan-Teselios, C., Cîrstea, A., Turcu, A. C., & Darab, C. P. (2018). Evaluating Renewable Energy Sustainability by Composite Index. Sustainability, 10(3), 811-830.

EU. Sustainable development in the European Union. (2018). Retrieved from (15.01.2019).

European Commission. Directive 2001/77/EC of 27 September 2001 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energies sources in the internal electricity market. (2001). Retrieved from (21.02.2019).

Eurostat. Energy Balances in the MS Excel file format. (2018). Retrieved from (21.01.2019).

García-Álvarez, M., Moreno, B., & Soares, I. (2016). Analyzing the sustainable energy development in the EU-15 by an aggregated synthetic index. Ecological Indicator, 60, 996–1007.

Harris, J. (2006). Environmental and Natural Resource Economics. New York: Houghton.

IEA. Country profile. (2019). Retrieved from (15.04.2019).

Karakosta, C., Flouri, M., Dimopoulou, S., & Psarras, J. (2012). Analysis of renewable energy progress in the western Balkan countries: Bosnia-Hercegovina and Serbia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 5166-5175.

Kissinger, M., Rees, W., & Timmer, V. (2011). Interregional sustainability: governance and policy in an ecologically interdependent world. Environment Policy, 14(8), 965–976.

Kokeza, G. (2017). Strategijski pravci razvoja energetike i održivi rast privrede Srbije [Strategic directions of energy development and sustainable growth of Serbian economy]. Energija, ekonomija, ekologija, 19(1-2), 172–178.

Mandal, Š., & Mihajlović-Milanović, Z. (2010). Ekonomika energetike [Energy Economics]. Beograd: Ekonomski fakultet.

Mazur, A. (2011). Does increasing energy or electricity consumption improve quality of life in industrial nations? Energy Policy, 39(5), 2568–2572.

Mihajlov A. (2010). Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy policy in SE Europe: SE European Energy Community Treaty. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 872–875.

Milenković, S., & Bošković, N. (2011). Resursi u ekonomskoj sadašnjosti i budućnosti [Resources in the Economic Present and Future.]. Kragujevac: Ekonomski fakultet Univerziteta u Kragujevcu.

Musago, J., & Brent, A. (2011). A conceptual framework for energy technology sustainability assessment. Energy for Sustainable Development, 15, 84-91.

Neves, A., & Leal, V. (2010). Energy sustainability indicators for local energy planning: Review of current practices and derivation of a new framework. Renewable Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 2723–2735.

OECD. Energy Prospects–An assessments of Long Term Energy Developments and Related policies. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2005).

Oh, T., Hasanuzzaman, M., Selvaraj, J., Teo, S., & Chua, S. (2018). Energy policy and alternative energy in Malaysia: Issues and challanges for sustainable growth – An update. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 81, 3021-3031.

Patlitzianas, K., Doukas, H., Kagiannas, A., & Psarras J. (2008). Sustainable energy policy indicators: review and recommendations. Renew Energy, 33, 966–73.

Perman, R., Ma, Y., Mc Gilvray, J., & Common, M. (1999). Natural Resource & Environmental Economics. Harlow: Longman.

Perović, D., & Radukić, S. (2017). Comparative analysis of sustainable development components for the Republic of Serbia and neighbouring countries. Teme, 41(3), 747-765.

Roddis, P., Gove, B., Morrison, A., Campbell, C., Beresford, A. E., Teuten, E., Dutton, A., & Williams, L. J. (2016). The RSPB’s 2050 energy vision: Meeting the UK’s climate targets in harmony with nature. Bedfordshire, UK: RSPB.

Shortall, R., & Davidsdottir, B. (2017). How to measure national energy sustainability performance: An Icelandic case-study. Energy for Sustainable Development, 39, 29-47.

Solow, R. (1986). On the Intergenerational Allocation of Natural Resources. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 88(1), 141-149.

Tešić, M., Kiss, F., & Zavargo, Z. (2011). Renewable energy policy in the Republic of Serbia. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 752-758.

Tsai, W. (2010). Energy sustainability from analysis of sustainable development indicators: A case study in Taiwan. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14, 2131-2138.

UN. Transforming Our World: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. New York: United Nations. (2015).

Vera, I., & Langlois, L. (2007). Energy indicators for sustainable development. Energy, 32, 875–82.

Vlada Republike Srbije. Odluka o utvrđivanju Energetskog bilansa Republike Srbije za 2019. godinu. „Službeni glasnik RS”, br. 105/18. (2018).

Vlada Republike Srbije. Strategija razvoja energetike Republike Srbije do 2025. godine sa projekcijama do 2030. godine. (2015).

Vlada Republike Srbije. Uredba o podsticajnim merama za proizvodnju električne energije iz obnovlјivih izvora i iz visokoefikasne kombinovane proizvodnje električne i toplotne energije. (2016).

WEC. World Energy Trilemma Index. London, UK: World Energy Council. (2018). Retrieved from (14.03.2019).

World Bank. Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy 2018. (2018a). Retrieved from (16.03.2019).

World Bank. RISE Score, Serbia - Country profile. (2018b). Retrieved from (16. 3. 2019).



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804