Danijela V Spasic

DOI Number
First page
Last page


In the early 2000s, estimates indicated the presence of over a million pieces of firearms and a large amount of ammunition in the possession of Serbian citizens. At the same time, the demographics of domestic violence pointed to the consequences of the misuse of firearms in the context of family and partner violence. A large number of women’s killings (annually between 30 and 40) also raised the issue of possession of (non) legal weapons, as well as the adequate response of institutions in preventing fatal outbreaks. On the basis of the fact that Serbia passed the Law on Weapons and Ammunition in 2015, in 2013 it ratified the Istanbul Convention and adopted the Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence in 2016, and the statistics on the death by murder of women in the context of domestic violence, the analytical approach in the paper focuses on seeking the answer to the question: whether the existing legislative framework provides for the protection of victims of violence against the misuse of firearms? The findings of study indicate the need to enhance the coherence of the legislative response to the risks posed by the presence of firearms in the family context, as well as establishing stronger links between the legislative framework for the control of firearms and the laws governing the response to domestic violence and partner violence.


firearms, domestic violence, legal framework, Serbia

Full Text:

PDF (Cрпски)


Alvazzi del Frate, A. (2011). When the Victim Is a Woman. In Geneva Declaration Secretariat. Global Burden of Armed Violence: Lethal Encounters. Cambridge: Cambridge University.

Bastick, M., Grimm, K., Lazarević, J. (2008). Armed Violence against Women. Global Burden of Armed Violence. Geneva: Geneva Declaration Secretariat, 109–124.

Bloom, S. (2008). Violence against Women and Girls: A Compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators. Chapel Hill, NC: MEASURE Evaluation.

Богетић, Д., Митровић, Ј., Николић, С. (2018). Ставови младих у Србији према проституцији, родној равноправности и феминизму у 2016. години [Аttitudes of Young People in Serbia about Prostitution, Gender Equality and Feminism in 2016]. Тeмe. XLII(3), 741–761.

Božanić, D. (2016). Gender and SALW in South East Europe. Belgrade: UNDP, SEESAC.

Campbell, J. (2003). Risk Factors for Femicide in Abusive Relationships: Results from a Multisite Case Control Study. American Journal of Public Health. 93(7), 1089-1097.

Campbell, J., Webster, D., Glass, N. (2009). The Danger Assessment: Validation of a Lethality Risk Assessment Instrument for Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24 (4), 653–674.

Catalano, S. (2007). Intimate Partner Violence in the United States. Washington, DC: Bureau of Justice Statistics, United States Department of Justice.

Coyne-Beasley, T., Moracco, K.E., Casteel, M. (2003). Adolescent female homicide: A population-based study. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 157, 355-360.

Cukier, W. (2002). Gender Perspectives on Small Arms Proliferation and Misuse: Effects and Policies. In V. A. Farr, K. Gebre-Wold (eds.). Gender Perspecitves on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Regional and International Concerns (25-42). Bonn: International Centre for Conversion.

Ђурђевић-Лукић, С., Тадић, М., Милић, Т. (2015). „Оружје на мети”: Злоупотреба ватреног оружја у Србији ["Weapons on Target": Misuse of firearms in Serbia]. Београд: UNDP, SEESAC.

Farr, V. A., Gebre-Wold, K. (Eds.) (2002). Gender Perspectives on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Regional and International Concerns. Bonn: Bonn International Centre for Conversion.

Florquin, N. (2011). A Booming Business: Private Security and Small Arms. In Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security (149-178). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Geneva Declaration Secretariat (2008, 2011). Global Burden of Armed Violence. Geneva.

Hemenway, D., Azrael, D., Matthew M. (2000). Gun Use in the United States: Results from Two National Surveys. Injury Prevention, 6, 263–267.

Hemenway, D., Miller, M. (2000). Firearm Availability and Homicide Rates across 26 High-Income Countries. Journal of Trauma, Injury, Infection and Critical Care, 49(6), 985-988.

Hemenway, D. (2011). Risks and Benefits of a Gun in the Home. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 5(6), 502–511.

Johnson, H., Myrna D. (2011). Violence against Women in Canada: Research and Policy Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Karp, A. (2018). Estimating Global Civilian – HEID Firearms Numbers. Geneva: Small Arms Survey.

Котарлић, Д., Јоксимовић, С. (2015). Усклађивање законске регулативе Републике Србије са Стратегијом ЕУ за борбу против недозвољеног сакупљања и промета лаког и стрељачког наоружања и муниције – степен усклађености и неопходне мере [Harmonization of the legislation of the Republic of Serbia to the EU Strategy to combat illicit collection and circulation of small arms and small arms and ammunition - the degree of compliance and the necessary measures]. Војно дело. 67(3), 251–270.


Mankowski, E.S. (2013). Antecedents to gun violence: Gender and culture. In Gun violence: Prediction, prevention and policy. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. 13-17.

Mathews, S. (2004). Every Six Hours a Women is Killed by Her Partner: A National Study of Female Homicides in South Africa. MRC Policy Brief, No. 5, June.

Meloy, J. (1998). The Psychology of Stalking. In J. Meloy (ed.). The Psychology of Stalking: Clinical and Forensic Perspectives (28-51). San Diego: Academic Press.

PAHO (Pan American Health Organization) (2005). Gender, Health, and Development in the Americas: Basic Indicators 2005. Washington, DC: PAHO

Racovita, M. (2015). Lethal Violence against Women and Girls. In Geneva Declaration Secretariatt, Global Burden of Armed Violence 2015: Every Body Counts. Cambridge: Cambridge University. Dostupno na:

RCMP (Royal Canadian Mounted Police) (2002). Research Summary: Domestic Violence Involving Firearms. Ottawa: RCMP.

Sagot, M., Carcedo, A. (2010). When Violence against Women Kills: Femicide in Costa Rica, 1990–1999. In R. Fregosa, C. Bejarano (Eds.): Terrorizing Women: Femicide in Latin America. Durham: Duke University Press.

Shaw, M. (2013). Too Close to Home: Guns and Intimate Partner Violence. In Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Симеуновић-Патић, Б., Јовановић, С. (2013). Убиство жене у партнерском односу [Murder of a woman in a partnership]. Београд: Институт за криминолошка и социолошка истраживања.

Симеуновић-Патић, Б., Кесић, Т. (2016). Криминалистичка виктимологија [Criminalistic Victimology]. Београд: Криминалистичко-полицијска академија.

Службени гласник РС. Бр. 20 (2015). Закон о оружју и муницији [Law on Weapons and Ammunition]. Београд: Службени гласник РС.

Службени гласник РС. Бр. 94 (2016). Закон о изменама и допунама Кривичног законика [Law on Amendments to the Criminal Code]. Београд: Службени гласник РС.

Службени гласник РС. Бр. 85 (2005), 88 (2005), 107 (2005), 72 (2009), 111 (2009), 121 (2012), 104 (2013), 108 (2014). Кривични законик [Criminal Law]. Београд: Службени гласник РС.

Службени гласник РС. Бр. 94 (2016). Закон о спречавању насиља у породици [Law on the Prevention of Domestic Violence]. Београд: Службени гласник РС.

Службени гласник РС. Бр. 25 (2016), 79 (2016). Правилник о утврђивању здравствене способности физичких лица за држање и ношење оружја [Rulebook on determining the physical fitness of physical persons for holding and carrying weapons]. Београд: Службени гласник РС.

Спасић, Д., Тадић, М. (2017). Злоупотреба оружја и родно засновано насиље [The misuse of weapons and gender-based violence]. Београд: Центар за истраживање јавних политика.

Спасић, Д., Коларевић, Д., Луковић, З. (2017). Фемицид у партнерским односима [Femicide in partner relationships]. Темида, 20(3), 411–434. doi:10.2298/TEM1703411S.

Стојановић, Ф., Шекарић, Н. (2019). Улога полиције у сузбијању проблема лаког и малокалибарског оружја у Републици Србији и на Западном Балкану [The role of the police in combating the problem of small arms and light weapons in the Republic of Serbia and the Western Balkans]. Култура полиса, XIV(38), 615–634.

Шапић, Ј., Стојановић, Ф. (2017). Грађани на стражи: Локални приступ у смањивању распрострањености оружја [Citizens on guard: A local approach to reducing the proliferation of weapons]. Београд: Центар за истраживање јавних политика.

Tjaden, P., Thoennes, N. (2000). Extent, Nature and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence: Findings from the First National Violence against Women Survey. NCJ No. 181867. Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, United States Department of Justice.

UNGA (United Nations General Assembly) (1993). Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. A/RES/48/104 of 20 December.

UNGA (United Nations General Assembly). 2012. Report of the Special Rapporteur on Violence against Women, Its Causes and Consequences, Raschida Manjoo. A/HRC/20/16 of 23 May.

UNODC (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime). (2011). Global Study on Homicide: Trends, Contexts, Data. Vienna: UNODC.

Vetten, L. (2006). Mapping the Use of Guns in Violence against Women: Findings from Three Studies. African Security Review, 15(2), 86–92.

WHO (World Health Organization). 2002. World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva: WHO.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804