ШКОЛСКА КЛИМА, ЊЕН ЗНАЧАЈ ЗА ПОНАШАЊЕ УЧЕНИКА И МОГУЋНОСТИ МЕРЕЊА/SCHOOL CLIMATE, ITS IMPORTANCE FOR STUDENTS' BEHAVIOR AND POSSIBILITIES OF MEASUREMENT

Дејан Ђорђић, Раде Дамјановић

DOI Number
-
First page
301
Last page
317

Abstract


Интересовање истраживача за проучавање школске климе развија се од ка- сних 50-их година, а 60-их година прошлог века се истраживања у овој области нарочито интензивирају. Најранија истраживања најчешће су се заснивала на истраживању перцепција школског особља о школској организацији и на иден- тификовању фактора који доприносе ефикасности школе. Постепено, све се ви- ше развија интерес за ученичко виђење школског живота. Аутори који су се ба- вили истраживањем школске климе различито су је одређивали. Школска клима обухвата различите аспекте школске организације и живота: материјално окру- жење, квалитет и квантитет интеракција у школи, академске резултате, подршку и слично. У овом раду прихваћено је одређење проблематичног понашања онако како га је дефинисао Richard Jessor, а које обухвата малолетничку делинквенци- ју, антисоцијално понашање, ризична понашања, поремећаје понашања, насиље и друго. У раду су приказани резултати неких од релевантних истраживања која су се бавила повезаношћу школске климе и проблематичних понашања. Између осталог, истраживања су била усмерена на утврђивање карактеристика школа у којима се успешно реализују превентивни програми, повезаности ризичних по- нашања, стратегија решавања конфликата и школске климе, затим на утврђива- ње повезаности антисоцијалног понашања, школског криминалитета и школске климе, као и повезаности пола и социо-економског статуса ученика и перцепци- је школске климе. Истраживачи су користили различите инструменте за испити- вање школске климе, од којих ће најчешће коришћени бити приказани у раду.

Кључне речи: школска клима, проблематична понашања, процена школске климе.

 

The research interest in school climate began during the middle of last century, while it reached its peak in the following years. The early studies in this field have been focused on the school staff perception of the school organization, as well as on the identification of the factors which contribute most to school efficiency. The students’ views of a school life have become the center of the research interest later on. There is no consensus among the researchers about what school climate actually refers to. School climate refers to different aspects of school life and school organization – the students’ material environment, quality and quantity of interactions in school, academic achievements, support, etc. In this paper, the problem behavior is conceptualized according to Richard Jessor and includes juvenile delinquency, antisocial behavior, risk behaviors, conduct disorder, violence, etc. The results of some of the most relevant studies related to the correlation between school climate and problem behaviors are presented in this paper. Those studies have been focused on different aspects of this correlation such as: the characteristics of the efficient schools, the connection between risk behaviors, coping strategies and school climate, as well as the connection between antisocial behaviors, school crime and gender on one side, and the school climate on the other. There is a wide range of different instruments for school climate assessment, and the most common are presented it this paper.

Key words: school climate, problem behaviors, school climate assesment.


Keywords

школска клима, проблематична понашања, процена школске климе.

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