Milica Kolaković Bojović, Ana Batrićević

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Triggered by the proactive approach of Serbian Penal Administration and its decision to, supported by the German NGO Help e.V, procure the ICT equipment to substitute in-person family visits and ensure regular communication during the lockdown, the authors decided to assesstheimpact of this pilot project on the right of the children in correctional institutions to communicate with their family members within the scope of the restrictions ordered to fight the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. The authors also explored the attitudes of children in those correctional institutions and of the professionals working with them to get additional perspectives. The results showed that this measure significantly contributed to preserving contacts and family relations in the changed environment, although it cannot completely replace family visits and direct contact. Furthermore, the results of the research showed that the lack of IT literacy, but also thedifficult financial and social context of the families of the origin of the children in correctional institutions, remain a significant obstacle for bridging the gap in family connections caused by COVID-19. Finally, the research showed that there is a need to procure more equipment and to increase thefrequency of calls and the time available for communication with the family for all users.


juveniles in correctional institutions, the right to communicate, COVID-19 and modern technologies, child friendly justice and COVID-19

Full Text:



ACPH. (2020). Technical Note: COVID-19 and Children Deprived of their Liberty. The Alliance for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action.

Bachelet, M. (2020, March 25). Urgent action needed to prevent COVID-19 “rampaging through places of detention” – Bachelet. Retrieved August 18, 2021, from The Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (UN Human Rights):

Barnert, E. (2020). COVID-19 and Youth Impacted by Juvenile and Adult Criminal Justice Systems. Pediatric Perspectives, 146(2). doi:

Bateman, T. (2020). Unjust pains: the impact of COVID-19 on children in prison. Journal of Children’s Services, 15(4), pp. 201-208.

CoE. (2010). Guidelines of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on child friendly justice, Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 17 November 2010 at the 1098th meeting of the Ministers' Deputies.

CRC, U. (2019). Committee on the Rights of the Child General Comment No. 24 (2019), replacing General Comment No. 10 (2007) on children’s rights in juvenile justice, Geneva, 18 September 2019.

CRIN. (2020). Coronavirus and children in detention. Retrieved 2021, from Chid Rights International Network-CRIN:

Halton, L. (2020). Covid-19 and the Rights of Childrenof Parents who are Incarcerated: Impacts and Recommendations. Child Rights Connect Working Group on Children of Incarcerated Parents.

HLPR. (2020). Children in prison during the Covid-19 pandemic A briefing from the Howard League for Penal Reform. London: Howard League for Penal Reform. Retrieved August 10, 2021

Kolaković-Bojović, M., & Batrićević, A. (2020). Impact Assessment of Re-socialisation program applied by NGO Help e.V. (Improvement of the treatment programmes in correctional institutions for adults and juveniles – SOE03-19). Belgrade: Institute of Criminological and Sociological Research.

Minson, S. (2021). The impact of COVID-19 prison lockdowns on children. Oxsford.

Nowak, M. (2019). The United Nations Global Study on Children Deprived of Liberty. Geneva: Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.

Stevanović, I. (2020). Izovi u postpenalnom prihvatu maloletnih učinilaca krivičnih dela u Srbiji (norme, praksa i mere unapređenja). Beograd: Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja.

UN. (1955). Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, Adopted by the First United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, held at Geneva in 1955, and approved by the Economic and Social Council by its resolutions 663 C.

UN. (1985). United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice ("The Beijing Rules") Adopted by General Assembly resolution 40/33 of 29 November 1985.

UN. (1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with Article 49.

UN. (1990). United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty, Adopted by General Assembly resolution 45/113 of 14 December 1990.

UNICEF. (2020). Access to Justice for Children in the era of COVID-19: Learnings from the Field. New York: UNICEF Child Protection Programme, Programme Division.

UNODC. (2021). PROTECTING CHILDREN DEPRIVED OF LIBERTY DURING THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, Global Programme to End Violence Against Children.

WHO. (2021). Policy brief: health concerns among children deprived of liberty. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804