Mihajlo Cvetković

DOI Number
First page
Last page


In every country touched by Covid-19, contractual performance is affected. Leg­islation enforcing lockdowns has made many contracts illegal to perform. Excessively unbalanced contracts become major issue due to health emergencies. In order to re­lease the debtor, the force majeure must be unpredictable. However, the world has been warned of a looming epidemic and its consequences onto unprepared world. The paper examines if the Serbian Act on Obligations and its rules on impossibility protect the debtors in the circumstances of Covid-19, by comparing domestic solutions with European, transnational and Common law. Despite numerous provisions, traditional solutions were not adequate, so emergency regulations have been adopted, usually in­compatible with the private law regime.


Force-majeure; Impossibility; Contract Frustration; Covid-19; obligation termination.

Full Text:



Alderman, R., De Franceschi, A., Giancaspro, M., Howells, G., Lei, C., Lete, J., Micklitz, H. W., Miscenic, E., Naude, T., Pichonnaz, P., Poillot, E., Ramsay, I., Terryn, E., Twigg-Flesner, C., & Wilhelmsson, T. (2020). Consumer Law and Policy Relating to Change of Circumstances Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Consumer Policy, 43(3), 437–450.

Beale, H., & Twigg-Flesner, C. (2020). COVID-19 and Frustration in English law. In Sergio Garcia Long, Derecho de los Desastres: Covid-19 (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 2020). 1185-1201.

Berger, K. P., & Behn, D. (2020). Force Majeure and Hardship in the Age of Corona: A Historical and Comparative Study. McGill J. Disp. Resol., 6(4), 79–129.

European Law Institute. (2021). ELI Principles for the COVID-19 Crisis Consolidated Version of the 2020 ELI Principles for the COVID-19 Crisis and the 2021 Supplement. Wien.

Fauvarque-Cosson, B. (2019). Does review on the ground of imprévision breach the principle of the binding force of contracts? Revija Kopaoničke škole Prirodnog Prava, 1(1), 11–35.

Jankovec, I. (1981). О појму немогућности испуњења уговорне обавезе (Тhе Concept of Impossibility of Fulfilment of Contractual Commitments). Anali Pravnog Fakulteta u Beogradu, 3–4, 231–243.

Jankovec, I. (1993). Ugovorna odgovornost (Contractual liability). Beograd. Poslovna politika.

Karanikić-Mirić, M. (2020a). Отежано испуњење уговорне обавезе (The subsequent difficulty of performance in contract law). Pravo i Privreda, 58(4), 25–54.

Karanikić-Mirić, M. (2020b). Ugovori o turističkom putovanju u uslovima pandemije covid-19: uredba o ponudi zamenskog putovanja (Travel Contracts During the Covid-19 Pandemic: The Decree on the Offer of a Replacement Travel). In Perspektive implementacije evropskih standarda u pravni sistem Srbije, knjiga X (Perspectives of Implementation of European Standards in the Serbian Legal System, Volume 10), Pravni fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu, Beograd.

Philippe, D. (2020). Coronavirus: Force majeure? Hardship? Deferral of obligations? Some practical elements. Advice for the analysis and redaction of clauses. In Sergio Garcia Long, Derecho de los Desastres: Covid-19 (Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, 2020). 1277-1295.

Pušac, J. (2020). Status zakupca poslovnog prostora u vreme epidemije virusa COVID-19. Godišnjak Fakulteta Pravnih Nauka, 92, 140–153.

Radišić, J. (2004). Obligaciono pravo (Law of Obligations). Nomos.

Schwartz, A. A. (2020). Contracts and COVID-19. Stan. L. Rev. Online, 73, 48.

Zakon o obligacionim odnosima (Act on Obligations), Sl. list SFRJ. br. 29/78, 39/85, 45/89 - odluka USJ i 57/89. Sl. list SRJ. br. 31/93, "Sl. list SCG". br. 1/2003 - Ustavna povelja. Sl. glasnik RS. br. 18/2020)

Odluka o privremenim merama za banke radi ublažavanja posledica pandemije covid-19 u cilju očuvanja stabilnosti finansijskog sistema (Decision on temporary measures for banks to mitigate the consequences of the covid-19 pandemic in order to preserve the stability of the financial system), Sl. glasnik RS. br. 103/2020)



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804