Miroljub Nikolić, Olga Radovanović, Aleksandar Đorđević

DOI Number
First page
Last page


The paper analyses the textile industry trade competitiveness of nine European transition economies (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia and Slovenia), in parts and in its entirety, by using the following indicators: Revealed comparative advantage (RCA), Competitiveness growth index (RCA1), Index of net business performance (RCA2), and Michaely index (MI). The analysis focuses on the period between 1995 and 2018. The results of the analysis show that the textile industry of Northern Macedonia is internationally competitive, and that most countries have revealed comparative advantages. The textile industry contributed to the surplus in trade balance in North Macedonia, Bulgaria and Romania, while North Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia achieved some level of production specialisation. It was also confirmed that these countries had statistically different levels of trade competitiveness. The top level of production finalisation accounted for the greatest average value of competitiveness indicators. 


development, trade competitiveness, textile industry, Serbia, countries in transition

Full Text:



Adhikari, R. & Yamamoto, Y. (2007). The Textile and Clothing Industry: Adjusting to the Post-Quata World. Industrial Development for the 21st Century: Sustainable Development Perspectives. New York: United Nations, 183–234.

Assadzadeh, A., Behbudi, D., Miyarkolaie, N.F. & Moghadam, H.M. (2013). A Study of the Revealed Comparative Advantage in the Textile and Clothing Industries Between Iran and Turkey, International Journal of Economics and Finance Studies, 5(2), 95107.

Bambang, S. & Sukadwilinda. (2020). Analysis of Export Competitiveness Textile and Apparel Indonesia, China, India, Dinasti International Journal of Economics, Finance & Accounting, 1(1).

Chi, T. (2010). An empirical study of trade competitiveness in the U.S. technical textile industry, Journal of Textile and Apparel, Technology and Management, 6(4), pp.1-19.

Clark, D.P., Sawyer, W.C., & Sprinkle, R.L. (2005). Revealed comparative advantage indexes of regions of the United States. Global Economy Journal, 5(1), 1-24.

Corovic, E., Gligorijevic, Z. & Manasijevic, A. (2019). Revealed comparative advantages and competitiveness of the manufacturing Industry of the Republic of Serbia, Economic Themes, 57(3).

Corovic, E., Jovanovic, P. & Ristic, L. (2013). Current Trends on the World Textile Market and the Competitiveness of the Serbian Textile Industry, Lodz, Fibres&Textiles in Eastern Europe, 5(101).

Cvetanović, S., Nikolić, M., & Cvetanović, D. (2019). Wood Industry Trade Competitiveness of Selected Countries of Southeast Europe. Drvna industrija, 70(3), 209-219.

Despotović, D., Cvetanović, D., Nedić, V. & Cvetanović, S. (2021). Infrastructure as a Factor of Competitiveness of the Selected European Countries, Teme, 45(2), 575-599.

Dhiman, R., Kumar, V. & Rana, S. (2020). Why export competitiveness differs within Indian textile industry? Determinants and empirical evidence, Review of International Business and Strategy, 30(3), pp. 375-397.

Dieter, M. & Englert, H. (2007). Competitiveness in the global forest industry sector: an empirical study with special emphasis on Germany. European Journal of Forest Research, 126(3), 401-412.

Esterhuizen, D., van Rooyen, J., & D’Haese, L. (2008). An Evaluation of the Competitiveness of the Agribusiness Sector in South Africa. Competitiveness Research, 16(1), 21-46.

Fischer, C. & Schornberg, S. (2007). The Competitiveness Situation of the EU Meat Processing and Beverage Manufacturing Sectors. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica: Section C – FoodEconomics, 4(3), 148-158.

French, S. (2017). Revealed comparative advantage: What is it good for?. Journal of International Economics. Elsevier, 106, 83-103.

Gligorijević, Z. & Ćorović, E. (2020). Competitiveness of the Textile Industry of the Republic of Serbia on the EU Market, Economic Themes, 58(1), pp. 1-16.

Gries, T. & Hentschel, C. (1994). Internationale Wettbewerbsfahigkeit – was ist das? [International competitiveness – what is that?]. Wirtschaftsdienst [Economic service], 8, 416-422.

Guan, Z., Xu, Y., Jiang, H. & Jiang, G. (2019). International competitiveness of Chinese textile and clothing industry – a diamond model approach, Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, 12(1), pp. 2-19.

Halilbasic, M., Brkic, S. & Bosic., V. (2015). Comparative Analysis of Export Competitiveness of ex-Yu Countries, EA, 48 (1-2).

Han, X., Wen, Y., & Kant, S. (2009). The global competitiveness of the Chinese wooden furniture industry. Forest Policy and Economics, 11(8), 561-569.

Jovović, D. (2017). Improving regional competitiveness in the light growth theory recommendations. Economic Themes, 55(3), 319-333.

Jucevicius, R. & Rybakovas, E. (2010). Competitiveness of Lithuanian Textile and Clothing Industry. 6th International Scientific Conference Business and Management 2010. Vilnius. Lithuania. doi: 10.3846/bm.2010.053

Kathuria, L.M. (2018). Comparative advantages in clothing exports: India faces threat from competing nations. Competitiveness Review, 28(5), pp. 518–540.

Kilduff, P. & Chi, T. (2007). Analysis of comparative advantage in the textile complex: A study of Eastern European and former Soviet Union nations. Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 11(1), pp. 82–105.

Kiron, S. (2020). Vietnam textile and garment industry: Will it move to next level or lose competitiveness? Textile Today.

Krstić, B., Stanojević, J., & Stanišić, T. (2016). Inovacije kao determinanta konkurentnosti Srbije - komparativna analiza sa zemljama Zapadnog Balkana i Evropske unije. Teme, 40(3), pp. 1035-1050.

Lall, S. (2001). Competitiveness Technology and Skills. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Laursen, K. (2015). Revealed Comparative Advantage and the Alternatives as Measures of International Specialisation. Eurasian Business Review, 5, 99-115. https://doi:10.1007/s40821-015-0017-1

Leromain, E. & Orefice, G. (2014). New revealed comparative advantage index: dataset and empirical distribution. International Economics, 139, 48-70.

Michaely, M. (1962). Multilateral balancing in international trade. The American Economic Review, 52(4), pp. 685-702.

Raicevic, V. & Corovic, E. (2010). Spoljno-trgovinska razmena tekstilne industrije Srbije - stanje i pravci promena, Pravo teorija i praksa, (7-8).

Rout, T.K., Saini G.K. (2021). Trade Competitiveness of India’s Textile and Apparel Sector, Economic & Political Weekly, 22(56).

Rybakovas, E. (2009). Competitiveness of Lithuanian manufacturing industry. Economics and management, 14, 912-918. doi: 10.5755/J01.EM.0.14.9491

Schwab, K. (2019). The Global Competitiveness Report 2019. World Economic Forum.

Shafaei, R. (2009). An analytical approach to assessing the competitiveness in the textile industry, Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management, 13(1), pp. 20-36.

Singh, M.P. & Lal, M. (2013). Export performance and competitiveness of Indian textile industry. International Journal of Scientific Research, 2(11), pp. 315-316.

UNCTAD stat. (2022a). Available at: [Accessed on 19 January 2022].

UNCTAD stat. (2022b). Merchandise trade matrix – detailed products exports in thousands of dollars annual 1995-2018. Available at: [Accessed on 25 January 2022].

UNIDO. (2013). The Industrial Competitiveness of Nations: Looking Back Forging Ahead Competitive Industrial Performance Report 2013. Vienna: UNIDO

World Bank database. (2022). World Development Indicators. Available through: [Accessed 15 January 2022].



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804