ПРОЦЕНА ПРАВИЧНОСТИ ОДРЕДАБА ТАЈМ-ШЕРИНГА/ASSESSMENT OF UNFAIR TERMS IN TIMESHARE CONTRACT

Зоран Миладиновић, Андреј Мићовић

DOI Number
-
First page
99
Last page
119

Abstract


Апстракт
У овом раду, кроз приказ судске праксе која се пре свега односи на тајм-шеринг, извршена је правна анализа апсолутних и релативних критеријума које суд узима у обзир приликом процене правичности уговорних одредаба. Према одредбама Закона о заштити потрошача, сматраће се да је уговорна одредба не-правична уколико је дошло до повреде апсолутних критеријума која за последи-цу има: повреду начела савесности и поштења и значајну несразмеру узајамних престација на штету потрошача. Релативни критеријуми на основу којих се утврђује да ли је одређена одредба уговора неправична су: природа робе или услуга на које се уговор односи; околности под којима је уговор закључен; остале одредбе истог потрошачког уговора или другог уговора са којим је потрошачки уговор повезан; начин на који је постигнута сагласност о садржини уговора и начин на који је потрошач обавештен о садржини уговора.
Поред тога, посебна пажња у оквиру рада је посвећена питању утицаја Директи-ве ЕУ 2005/29 на уговорно право и процену правичности уговорних одредаба, што се најбоље може видети на примеру дужности информисања и судске праксе.

Кључне речи: неправичне уговорне одредбе, процена правичности, критеријуми правичности, тајм-шеринг, непоштена пословна пракса

Abstract

In this article, through the presentation of case law, which is primarily related to timeshare contract, author performed a legal analysis of the absolute and relative criteria that court takes into account in the overall fairness assessment of a contract term. A contract term shall be considered unfair as a result of violation of absolute criteria, i.e., if it causes: breach of the principle of good faith and significant imbalance in contractual obligations of the parties to the detriment of the consumer. The unfairness of a term shall be assessed taking into account relative criteria, such as: the nature of the goods or services to which the contract relates; the circumstances under which the contract has been concluded; other terms of the same consumer contract or of another related contract; the manner in which the contract was drafted and communicated to the consumer by the trader. Another important question that is raised in this article deals with the impact of the Directive 2005/29/EC on the evaluation of the fairness of contract clauses, when it comes to the duty to provide information, and when it comes to its impact on the courts in the interpretation and evaluation of the fairness of the contract clauses.

Key words: unfair contract terms, fairness assessment, assessment criteria, time-sharing, unfair commercial practice.


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References


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Zakon o zaštiti potrošača [Consumer Protection Act], Sl. glasnik RS, br. 62/2014.

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Directive 94/47/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 26 October 1994 on the protection of purchasers in respect of certain aspects of contracts relating to the purchase of the right to use immovable properties on a timeshare basis, OJL 280, 29.10.1994, pp. 83-87.

Council Directive 93/13/EEC of 5 April 1993 on unfair terms in consumer contracts, OJL 095, 21.4.1993, pp. 29-34.

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Ley 42/1998, de 15 de diciembre, sobre derechos de aprovechamiento por turno de bienes inmuebles de uso turístico y normas tributarias [Law 42/1998 of 15 December, on the right to use immovable properties on timeshare basis and tax rules].

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