Aleksandar Gadžić, Igor Vučković

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Active commuting is considered one of the many forms of physical activity that could increase the level of physical activity among school children. The aim of the current study was to examine the differences between the health-related fitness of school children who engage in active and passive commuting to school, and to explore the associations between active commuting to school and the health-related physical fitness of school children. A total of 152 children (58 girls and 94 boys), aged 12, from four primary schools in the Kraljevo area participated in this study. Basic anthropometric measures were taken along with eight physical fitness tests. Boys who actively commute had greater upper body muscular endurance and cardiorespiratory fitness, and girls who were active school commuters had better results in flexibility, explosive power, upper body muscular endurance, and cardiorespiratory fitness. Linear regression analysis revealed significant associations between active commuting, and abdominal strength and cardiorespiratory fitness for boys, and flexibility and upper body muscular endurance for girls. Considering these positive findings, it is recommended that future studies be conducted on a larger sample and that they include intensive educational campaigning to encourage Serbian schoolchildren to practice active commuting to and from school is likewise recommended.


school children, physical activity, motor abilities

Full Text:



Buišić, S., Cvejić, D., and Pejović, T. (2019). Aspects of the self-concept of younger school children as important factors for active participation in physical education teaching. Teme, 43(1), 19-31.

Casajús, J.A., Leiva, M.T., Villarroya, A., Legaz, A., & Moreno, L.A. (2007). Physical Performance and School Physical Education in Overweight Spanish Children. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 51(3), 288-296.

Chillón, P., Ortega, F.B., Ruiz, J.R., Veidebaum, T., Oja, L., Maestu, J., & Sjostrom, M. (2010). Active commuting to school in children and adolescents: An opportunity to increase physical activity and fitness. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38, 873–879.

Chillón, P., Evenson, K., Vaughn, A., et al. (2011). A systematic review of interventions for promoting active transportation to school. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8(1)–17.

Cole, T.J., Lobstein, T. (2012). Extended international (IOTF) body mass index cut-offs for thinness, overweight and obesity. Pediatric Obesity, 7(4), 284-294.

Cooper, A.R., Wedderkopp, N., Jago, R., Kristensen, P.L., Moller, N.C., Froberg, K., Page, A.S., & Andersen, L.B. (2008). Longitudinal associations of cycling to school with adolescent fitness. Preventive Medicine, 47, 324–328.

Cooper, A.R., Wedderkopp, N., Wang, H., Andersen, L.B., Froberg, K., & Page, A.S. (2006). Active travel to school and cardiovascular fitness in Danish children and adolescents. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 38, 1724–1731.

Davison, K.K., Werder, J.L., and Lawson, C.T. (2008). Children’s active commuting to school: Current knowledge and future directions. Preventing Chronic Disease, 5(3), A100.

Dietz, W.H. (1994). Critical periods in childhood for the development of obesity. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59, 955-959.

Ðurić, S., Bogataj, Š., Zovko, V., & Sember, V. (2021). Associations Between Physical Fitness, Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Academic Performance. Frontiers in public health, 9, 778837.

Ekblom, B., Astrand, P.O. (2000). Role of physical activity on health in children and adolescents. Acta Paediatrica, 89, 762–764.

Fjørtoft, I., Pedersen, A.V., Sigmundsson, H., Vereijken, B. (2011). Measuring physical fitness in children who are 5 to 12 years old with a test battery that is functional and easy to administer. Physical Therapy, 91(7), 1087-1095.

Flint, E., & Cummins, S. (2016). Active commuting and obesity in mid-life: cross-sectional, observational evidence from UK Biobank. Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 4(5):420-435.

Kurelić, N., Momirović, K., Stojanović, M., Šturm, J., Radojević, Đ. & Viskić-Štalec, N. (1975). Structure and development of morphological and motor dimensions in youth. Belgrade: Institute for the Scientific Research of the Faculty of Physical Education.

Larouche, R., Saunders, T.J., Faulkner, J., Colley, G.E., Tremblay, M. (2014). Associations between Active School Transport and Physical Activity, Body Composition, and Cardiovascular Fitness: A Systematic Review of 68 Studies. Journal of Physical Activity and Health,11, 206–227.

Lubans, D., Boreham, C., Kelly, P., et al. (2011). The relationship between active travel to school and health-related fitness in children and adolescents: A systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8(5), 1-12.

Madsen, K.A., Gosliner, W., Woodward-Lopez, G., & Crawford, P.B. (2009). Physical activity opportunities associated with fitness and weight status among adolescents in low-income communities. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 163, 1014–1021.

Mendoza, J.A., & Liu, Y. (2014). Active Commuting to Elementary School and Adiposity: An Observational Study. Childhood obesity, 10(1), 34-41.

Meron, D., Rissel, C., Reinten-Reynolds, T., & Hardy, L.L. (2011). Changes in active travel of school childrenfrom 2004 to 2010 in New South Wales, Australia. Preventive Medicine, 53, 408–410.

Must A, Spadano J, Coakley EH, Field AE, Colditz G, Dietz WH: The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity. JAMA, 282, 1523-1529.

Ostergaard, L., Kolle, E., Steene-Johannessen, J., Anderssen, S.A., & Andersen, L.B. (2013). Cross sectional analysis of the association between mode of school transportation and physical fitness in children and adolescents. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10(1), 1-7.

Owen, N., Leslie, E. Salmon, J., & Fotheringham, M.J. (2000). Environmental determinants of physical activity and sedentary behavior. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 28, 153–158.

Petrović, J., Momčilović, & Pelemiš, V. (2022). Gender as а determinant of parents and children’s attitudes toward the inclusion of sports branches into the elementary school curriculum. Teme, 47(4), 851-867.

Salmon, J., Timperio, A., Cleland, V., & Venn, A. (2005). Trends in children’s physical activity and weight status in high and low socio-economic areas of Melbourne, Victoria. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 29(4), 337–341.

Sandercock, G.R.H., Ogunleye, A.A. (2012). Screen time and passive school travel as independent predictors of cardiorespiratory fitness in youth. Preventive Medicine, 54, 319–322.

Van de Kop, H., Toussaint, H., Janssen, M., Busch, V., & Verhoeff, A. (2021). Improving Physical Activity Levels in Prevocational Students by Student Participation: Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial. JMIR research protocols, 10(7), e28273.

Villa-González, E., Barranco-Ruiz, Y, Evenson, K.R., and Chillon, P. (2018). Systematic review of interventions for promoting active school transport. Preventive Medicine, 111, 115-134.

Villa-González, E., Ruiz, J.R., & Chillón, P. (2015). Associations between Active Commuting to School and Health-Related Physical Fitness in Spanish School-Aged Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12, 10362-10373.

WHO, 2010. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. WHO Press, Switzerland.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804