ИСТОРИЈСКИ ОБРИСИ ЕУГЕНИКЕ И ЊЕНИ УТИЦАЈИ НА ОБРАЗОВАЊЕ/ HISTORICAL OUTLINES OF EUGENICS AND ITS INFLUENCES ON EDUCATION

Александра Анђелковић, Душан Спасић

DOI Number
-
First page
1483
Last page
1493

Abstract


Апстракт

Суштина рада огледа се у разматрању термина еугенике и расветљавању овог појма кроз историјске периоде. Иако готово заборављена ова доктрина је у историјској перспективи имала значајан утицај и на концепт образовања. Рад представља покушај њеног разоткривања, ради указивања на странпутице времена када није било доступно основно право на живот, развој и образовање свима. Образовање је према неким идејама и визијама била категорија намењена само одабранима, док се ове идеје појављују касније и код трансхуманиста.

Кључне речи: еугеника, образовање, Спарта, трансхуманизам.

 

Abstract

 This paper discusses the term eugenics and sheds light on this concept through different historical periods. Although almost forgotten, historically, this doctrine has had a significant influence on the concept of education. The paper is an attempt to clarify the doctrine so as to show the misguided nature of the times when the basic right to life, development, and education was not available to everyone. According to certain ideas and visions, education was considered a category meant only for the chosen, and these ideas later resurfaced with the transhumanists.

Key words: eugenics, education, Sparta, transhumanism


Full Text:

PDF (Cрпски)

References


American Bioethics Advisory Commission. Eugenics. Retrieved May 15, 2014 from http://www.all.org/abac/eugen02.htm

Bateson, P. and Martin, P. (2000). Design for a Life: How Behaviour and Personality Develop. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Galton, F. (1892). Hereditary Genius: an inquiry into its laws and consequences. London: Macmillan and co.

http://books.google.rs/booksid=ngQAAAAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Huxley, A. (2006). Brave New World. New York: Harper Perennial.

Kass, L. (2001). Preventing A Brave New World. Retrieved on May 2, 2014 from http://www.stanford.edu/~mvr2j/sfsu09/extra/Kass3.pdf

Kevles, D. (1986). In the Name of Eugenics. Genetics and its Uses of Human Heredity. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California.

Koch, T. (2010). Enhancing Who? Enhancing What? Ethics, Bioethics, and Transhumanism. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 35, 685-699.

Lok, Dž. (1950). Misli o vaspitanju. [Some Thoughts Concerning Education]. Beograd: Znanje.

MacKinnon, B. (Eds.). (2000). Human Cloning: Science, Ethics and Public Policy. Champaign: University of Illinois Press.

Malthus, T. (1803). An Essay on the Principle of Population or a View of Its Past and present Effects on Human Happiness. London: J. Johnson.

Malthus, T. (1826). An essay on the principle of population, 6th edition. Retrieved on April 25, 2014 from http://blacktrianglecampaign.org/2012/03/24/from-malthus-to-ian-duncan-smith-on-the-the-bicentennial-of-the-birth-of-dickens-a-new-poor-law/

Milutinović, J. (2008). Ciljevi obrazovanja i učenja u svetlu dominantnih teorija vaspitanja 20. veka. [Education and learning goals in light of the dominant 20th century education theories]. Novi Sad: Savez pedagoških društava Vojvodine.

Oyama, S. (2000). Evolution’s Eye. Durham and London. Duke University Press.

Plato (2012). Republic. Gloucester: The Big Nest.

Polšek, D. (2004). Sudbina odabranih. Eugeničko nasleđe u vreme genetske tehnologije. [Destiny of the Chosen. Eugenic heritage in the age of genetic technology]. Zagreb.ArTresor.

Roper, A. (1913). Ancient Eugenics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rutledge, D. (1995). Social Darwinism, Scientific Racism, and the Metaphysics of Race. The Journal of Negro Education, 64 (3), 243-252.

Zaninović, M. (1988). Opća povijest pedagogije. (General History of Pedagogy). Zagreb: Školska knjiga.

Zaninovic, M. (1985). Pedagoška hrestomatija. (Chrestomathy of Pedagogy). Zagreb: Školska knjiga.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804