THE SCOPE OF TRADE MARK AS A SUBJECTIVE RIGHT IN THE EUROPEAN UNION LAW

Vukašin Petrović

DOI Number
10.22190/TEME1701193P
First page
193
Last page
208

Abstract


In this paper, we analyze the appropriate regulatory framework of the European Union which is related to the issue of the scope of trade mark, i.e. its application in practice, through appropriate judgements of the Court of Justice of the European Union. More particularly, the focus of the analysis is on the factors on the basis of which the scope of trade mark as a subjective right is determined, i.e. the limits of protection acquired by the concrete trade mark. In that sense, this paper will aim to provide a detailed view of, primarily, the concept of likelihood of confusion which represents the key element for determining the scope of trade mark as a subjective right, through the view of the individual elements from which it consists, i.e. on the basis of which the existence of the mentioned likelihood is determined in each concrete case.

Keywords

the scope of trade mark, the concept of likelihood of confusion, the similarity of goods and services, the similarity of signs, the global appreciation of the likelihood of confusion.

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References


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Правни прописи (Legal regulations):

Directive EU 2015/2436 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2015 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks, Official Journal L 336 (2015)

First Council Directive 89/104/EEC of 21 December 1988 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks, Official Journal L 40 (1989)

Commission regulation (EC) No 2868/95 of 13 December 1995 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 40/94 on the Community trade mark, Official Journal L 303 (1995)

Судска пракса (Case law):

Judgment of the General Court in Case T-390/15 Perfetti Van Melle Benelux BV v European Union Intellectual Property Office, [2016] Not yet published (General Report - Section 'Information on unpublished decisions')

Judgment of the General Court in Case Т-161/10 Longevity Health Products, Inc. v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM), [2011] ECR II 00156

Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union in Case C-57/08 P Gateway, Inc. v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM) and Fujitsu Siemens Computers GmbH, [2008] ECR I 00188

Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union in Case C-286/02 Oriental Kitchen SARL v Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs) (OHIM), [2003] ECR II 04953

Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union in Case C-342/97 Lloyd Schuhfabrik Meyer & Co. GmbH v Klijsen Handel BV, [1999] ECR I 03819

Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union in Case C-39/97 Canon Kabushiki Kaisha v Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc., formerly Pathe Communications Corporation, [1998] ECR I 05507

Judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union in Case C-251/95 SABEL BV v Puma AG, Rudolf Dassler Sport, [1997] ECR I 06191


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