LEX SPORTIVA − ПОРЕКЛО И ЗНАЧАЈ ТЕРМИНА/LEX SPORTIVA – ORIGIN AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TERM

Милош Галантић

DOI Number
-
First page
559
Last page
577

Abstract


Претходних деценија у научној литератури можемо приметити употребу термина lex sportiva. Већ при првом сусрету са термином, чак и код лица која нису директно упућена у правне аспекте спорта, стиче се утисак да је реч о уобичајеном јасном правном терминукоји има и свој латински назив, а који се односи на материју спортског права. Ипак, термин lex sportiva захтева низ додатних објашњења. У питању је повлачење аналогије и коришћење популар­но­сти једне друге друштвене појаве за коју се користи латински термин lex mercatoria. На крилима lex mercatoria и теорије правног плурализма, термин lex sportiva је појам спортског права за изузетно кратко време учинио познатим у светским научним размерама. Ипак, нагла популарност термина није праћена и дубљим анализама саме друштвене појаве, тако да употреба термина у научној литератури није јединствена. Посебна опасност произилази из поистовећивања термина са својим дословним преводом – спортско право, уз инсистирање на његовом аутономном и наднационалном карактеру. На тај начин скреће се пажња са јавног сегмента спортског права, норми националних законодавства и норми међународног јавног права, које претходних деценија све више добијају на значају у регулисању друштвених односа у спорту.

Кључне речи:   lex sportiva, lex mercatoria, правни плурализам, недржавно право, спортско право.


Abstract

The use of the term lex sportiva in the scientific literature could have been noticed in recent decades. At the first encounter with the term, even those who are not directly acquainted with the legal aspects of sport, get an impression that this is a standard, regular legal term, which also has its Latin name that relates to the matter of sports law. However, the term lex sportiva requires numerous additional explanations. The main reason for the creation and use of a Latin neologism lex sportiva, a phenomenon that could be called a sports law (literal translation), but one has to look outside the sport area. This is the case of drawing analogy and utilizing the popularity of one other social phenomenon that applies the Latin term lex mercatoria. On the wings of lex mercatoria and the theory of legal pluralism, the term lex sportiva made the concept of sports law famous in the scientific world for a very short time. However, the sudden popularity of the term was not accompanied with a deeper analysis of the social phenomena so that the use of term lex sportiva in professional literature is not exclusive. A specific risk arises from the identification of term with its literal translation – sports law, while insisting on its autonomous and transnational character. This way, the attention is drawn away from the public segment of the sports law i.e., norms of national legislation and norms of public international law, which in recent decades have gained in importance in the regulation of the social relations in sports.

Key words:         lex sportiva, lex mercatoria, legal pluralism, non-state law, sports law


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