ДАЉИ ПРОЦЕС ИМПЛЕМЕНТАЦИЈЕ ЈАВНО ПРИВАТНОГ-ПАРТНЕРСТВА (ЕУ, СРБИЈА И ЗЕМЉЕ ИЗ ОКРУЖЕЊА)/FURTHER PROCESS OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IMPLEMENTATION (EU, SERBIA AND NEIGHBORING COUNTRIES)

Мирјана Кнежевић

DOI Number
-
First page
381
Last page
394

Abstract


This paper explores the progress some European countries, particularly Serbia and its neighbors, have made in overcoming obstacles for foreign investments and wider application of public-private partnership, such as: inadequate legal framework, underdeveloped market relations reflected in insufficient competitiveness of domestic suppliers, the lack of financial resources and funds, and limited institutional capacities for reforms, strategic planning, and marketing accompanied by a negative image of these countries. Public-private partnership can yield numerous benefits depending on the strategic approach, institutional capacities, and inter-sector cooperation within an economic environment. World markets are faced with financial limitations of national budgets and lack of capital investment funds on the one hand, and vast potential of the private sector on the other hand. Governments are turning to the private sector in order to obtain the necessary capital, resources, and the know-how for the development and functioning of the infrastructure. Public-private partnership is the form of investment and financing which aims to reconcile the existing, legally defined, opposites of the public and private sector without violating their underlying legal principles. Modern economic and legal theory holds that public-private partnership is possibly one of the best models countries can apply to build public infrastructure and provide services in the public sector.

Key words:         public-private partnership, foreign investments, financing of infrastructure.

ДАЉИ ПРОЦЕС ИМПЛЕМЕНТАЦИЈЕ ЈАВНО ПРИВАТНОГ-ПАРТНЕРСТВА (ЕУ, СРБИЈА И ЗЕМЉЕ ИЗ ОКРУЖЕЊА)

Апстракт

Аутор у раду настоји да пружи одговор на питање докле су европске земље, Србија и земље из окружења дошле у процесу превазилажења препрека за страна улагања и ширу примену јавно-приватног парнерства као што су: неадекватан нормативни оквир, неразвијени тржишни односи осликани кроз недовољну конкурентност домаћих добављача, недовољна финансијска средства, ограничени институционални капацитети за спровођење реформи и за стратешко планирање и маркетинг праћени лошом сликом ових земаља у иностранству. Јавно-приватно партнерство доноси бројне користи и предности, а како ће се оне операционализовати зависи од стратешког приступа, институционалних капацитета и међусекторске сарадње свих чинилаца привредног окружења.

На тржиштима широм света на једној страни се налазе финансијска органичења националних буџета и недостаци средстава за капиталне инвестиције, а на другој велики потенцијал приватног сектора. Владе се све више окрећу према приватном сектору да би обезбедиле капитал, ресурсе и знање неопходно за развој и функционисање инфраструктуре. Јавно-приватно партнерство представља начин улагања и финансирања који треба да помири постојеће, законом дефинисане супротности јавног и приватног сектора, а да се при том не одступи од утемељених принципа права. У економској и правној теорији преовладава мишљење да је јавно-приватно партнерство један од потенцијално најбољих модела које државе данас могу да користе за изградњу јавне инфраструктуре и пружање услуга у јавном сектору.

Кључне речи:   јавно-приватно партнерство, страна улагања, финансирањe инфраструктуре


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