Слободан Цветановић, Војислав Илић, Данијела Деспотовић


The paper explores the nature of the impact of human capital on regional economic growth. The focus is on arriving at a reasonable answer to the question of whether the nature of the impact of human capital on regional economic growth is conceptually identical to the nature of its impact on economic growth at the national level. The conclusion is that the character of relationship between human capital and economic growth of countries, on the one hand, and growth of the region, as part of the national territory, on the other hand, is fundamentally different. Specifically, the existence of two completely different types of impact of human capital, impact on regional economic growth and impact on the economic growth of countries is noted. In particular, human capital affects regional economic growth through the increase of national productivity, mainly through the manifestation of various forms of externalities. Furthermore, the impact of human capital on regional economic growth through migration mechanism is noted, particularly due to the migration of highly educated workers. These two impacts do not always have the same direction, because the externality spillover mechanisms in a specific region and labour mobility are not per se of complementary character. In cases where these two impacts coincide, certain regions grow dynamically, while in the situations where they do not coincide, the regions may economically stagnate.

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