НАСИЛНИШТВО И ВИКТИМИЗАЦИЈА КОД УЧЕНИКА СРЕДЊИХ ШКОЛА:ЕФЕКТИ ПЕРИОДА ИСПИТИВАЊА, ПОЛА, РАЗРЕДА И УСПЕХА/VIOLENCE AND VICTIMIZATION AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: EFFECTS OF TESTING PERIOD, GENDER, CLASS AND SCHOOL ACHIVEMENT

Валентина Соколовска, Бојана Динић, Душан Маринковић

DOI Number
-
First page
617
Last page
630

Abstract


Циљ овог истраживања је испитивање различитих облика насилништва и виктимизације међу ученицима средњих школа, узевши у обзир релевантне чи­ни­оце као што су период испитивања, пол, разред и школски успех. Узорак је чи­нило 947 ученика, од којих је 489 испитивано 2013. и 458 − 2014. године. Уче­ни­­ци су били из другог, трећег и четвртог разреда средњих школа различитих усме­­рења из урбане средине. Вршење и изложеност различитим облицима вршњачког насиља мерени су преко Упитника о вршњачком насиљу и викти­ми­за­цији (УВНB). Резултати показују да су облици вербалног насиља доминантни у насилној интеракцији, како у погледу вршења насиља, тако и у односу на трпље­ње насиља. Такође, у односу на претходну школску годину приметан је по­раст свих облика насиља и трпљења физичког насиља међу млађим учени­ци­ма. Док су младићи више склони директним облицима насиља, у случају скло­но­сти рела­ционом насиљу нису забележене полне разлике, али у трпљењу овог на­сиља полне разлике се морају сагледати у контексту успеха и периода испи­ти­вања.

VIOLENCE AND VICTIMIZATION AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: EFFECTS OF TESTING PERIOD, GENDER, CLASS AND SCHOOL ACHIVEMENT

Abstract

This study aimed at examining different forms of violence and victimization among high school students, including relevant factors such as testing period, gender, class and school achivement. The sample included 947 high school students of which 489 were examined in 2013. and 458 in 2014. year. Students were from the second, the third and the fourth class of different high schools from urban city. Peer violence and victimization was measured by Peer Violence and Victimization Questionnaire (PVVQ). Results showed that verbal violence forms are the most dominant in peer violence and victimization interactions. Further, increase of all forms of violence and physical victimization was obtained among younger students. While male students are more prone to direct forms of violence and more suffer from physical violence, in the case of suffer from relational violence gender difference should be consider in the context of school achievement and testing period.

Key words:         peer violence, victimization, forms of violence, high school students, urban area


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