СОЦИЈАЛНА АНКСИОЗНОСТ, СКРИВАЊЕ ПРАВОГ ЈА И ДОЖИВЉАВАЊЕ ПРИЈАТНИХ ЕМОЦИЈА – ПРЕДИКТОРИ КВАЛИТЕТА ПРИЈАТЕЉСТВА У АДОЛЕСЦЕНЦИЈИ/SOCIAL ANXIETY, HIDING ONE‟S TRUE SELF, AND EXPERIENCING PLEASANT EMOTIONS – PREDICTORS OF FRIENDSHIP QUALITYIN ADOLESCENCE

Мирољуб Ивановић, Угљеша Ивановић

DOI Number
-
First page
123
Last page
142

Abstract


Апстракт
Социјална анксиозност често узрокује разне проблеме у међуљудској кому-никацији. Циљ овог истраживања био је испитивање повезаности између соци-јалне анксиозности, веровања о потреби скривања правог ја, доживљавању по-зитивних емоција и квалитета блиских односа код адолесцената.
Пригодни узорак чинила су 152 ваљевска средњошколца оба пола (75 мату-раната и 77 матуранткиња), просечног узраста 18,6 година. У истраживању су коришћени следећи мерни инструменти: Скала анксиозности у социјалним ин-теракцијама, Скала социјалне фобије, Скала позитивног и негативног афекта, Упитник веровања о потреби скривања правог ја и Упитник квалитета прија-тељства. Дескриптивни индикатори и интерна конзистентност задовољавајући су и слични онима у другим валидационим студијама.
У статистичкој обради резултата коришћена је корелациона и хијерархијска ре-гресиона анализа, при чему је критеријумска варијабла била квалитет пријатељства, а остале испитиване варијабле биле су предикторске. Анализа резултата показује да су веровања о потреби скривања правог ја и доживљавање позитивних емоција изнад контроле пола и оба облика социјалних страхова, те да су релевантни карактеристични предиктори квалитета пријатељских односа адолесцената. Пол се у свим корацима линеарног регресионог модела екстраховао као статистички значајан парцијални предиктор, док интеракцијски ефекат варијабли пола и оба вида социјалних страхова на квалитет присних односа нису значајни за предикцију критеријума. Ипак, значајан део варијансе критеријума квалитета пријатељства остао је необјашњен, па је препорука за будућа истраживања да испитају и неке друге варијабле као потенцијалне предикторе у адолесцентској популацији.
Добијени налази у овој студији у целини су у складу са резултатима ранијих истраживања. Осим тога, значајни су у теоријском схватању самооткривања и развоја присних односа, а имају и практичан значај код социјално анксиозних адолесцената који се служе вештином прикривања правог ја.

Кључне речи: анксиозност, социјална фобија, скривање правог ја, позитивне емоције, интеракција, пријатељски односи.

Abstract

Social anxiety often causes different problems in human communication. The aim of this paper is to examine mutual relations between social anxiety, the need to hide one’s true self, cognition via positive emotional experience, and thequality ofadolescents’ close relationships.
The appropriate sample consists of 152 secondary school students of both gendersfrom Valjevo(75 male seniors and 77 female seniors), aged 18.6 on average. The following measuring instruments were used in the research: Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, Social Phobia Scale, Positive and Negative Affect Scale, questionnaire onbeliefs about the need to hide one’s true self, and Friendship Quality Questionnaire. Descriptive indicators and internal consistency are satisfactory and similar to the ones in other validation studies.
Correlation and hierarchy regression analysis was used to statistically process the results, whereby friendship quality was the criterion variable, whereas other variables were predictors. Result analysis shows that the need to hide one’s true self and the perception of pleasant emotions are beyond the control of gender and both types of social fears, and that they are relevant and characteristic predictors of adolescent friendship quality. Gender was extracted as a statistically important partial predictor in every step of the linear regression model, whereas theinteraction effect ofvariables of gender and both types of social fearsis not significant for criterion prediction. However, an important part of the friendship quality criterion variance remained unexplained, so it is recommended that some other variables should be examined as potential predictors amongadolescents.
The results obtained in this study are completely in accordance with the results of previous studies. Furthermore, these results are significant for the theoretical understanding of self-discovery and development of close relationships; they also have a practical significance for socially anxious adolescents whoare prone to hiding their true self.

Key words: anxiety, social phobia, hiding one’s true self, positive emotions, interaction, friendship relations


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