КОРИШЋЕЊЕ ИНТЕРНЕТА КРОЗ ПРИЗМУ РОДНИХ РАЗЛИКА СТУДЕНТСКЕ ПОПУЛАЦИЈЕ НА БАЛКАНУ/ THE USE OF THE INTERNET THROUGH THE PRISM OF GENDER DIFFERENCES AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN THE BALKANS

Драгана Павловић, Драгана Стјепановић Захаријевски

DOI Number
-
First page
681
Last page
699

Abstract


Апстракт

Овај рад има за циљ да представи родно диференцирану анализу полазећи од добијених података истраживања о значајним разликама које постоје у коришћењу садржаја на интернету. Основни проблем овога истраживања односи се на испитивање родних разлика у коришћењу интернета код популације студената из три балканске земље. Анализе се базирају на налазима теренског истраживања под називом „Културна оријентација актера/студената, међуетнички односи, национални идентитет и култура мира на Балкану“, на узорку од укупно 2400 испитаника студентске популације у универзитетским центрима (Ниш/Србија, Битољ/Македонија, Велико Трново/Бугарска). Резултати указују на постојање родних разлика у коришћењу интернета у све три посматране државе, али такође указују на постојање разлика између добијених резултата у свакој држави понаособ. Наиме, у Бугарској су добијене статистички значајне разике само у 3 од 12 варијабли, а у Србији и Македонији по 5. Овај резултат може значити да је Бугарска, као земља чланица Европске уније, одмакла корак даље од Србије и Македоније на путу смањивања родних разлика у погледу коришћења нових технологија међу студентском популацијом.

Кључне речи: студентска популација, Балкан, родне разлике, коришћење интернета

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to offer a gender-differentiated analysis based on the obtained gender-sensitive data and on existing differences regarding the use of Internet content. The main issue of this research concerns the examination of gender differences regarding the use of the Internet among university students of three Balkan countries. The analyses are based on the findings from the fieldwork study entitled “Cultural orientation of actors/students, interethnic relations, national identity and culture of peace in the Balkans”, conducted on the sample of a total of 2,400 student respondents in three university centres (Niš/Serbia, Bitolj/FYR Macedonia, and Veliko Trnovo/Bulgaria). The results indicate that gender differences do matter with respect to the use of the Internet in all three observed countries and that there are differences in the obtained results between each country. Namely, in Bulgaria we have encountered statistically significant differences in only three out of twelve items, while in both Serbia and FYR Macedonia we observed them in five out of twelve items. As regards the matter of reducing gender differences in the use of new technologies among student population, this result may indicate slight progress in Bulgaria in comparison to Serbia and FYR Macedonia, Bulgaria being a member of the EU.

Key words: student population, the Balkans, gender differences, use of the Internet


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