Драгана Павловић, Драгана Стјепановић Захаријевски

DOI Number
First page
Last page



Овај рад има за циљ да представи родно диференцирану анализу полазећи од добијених података истраживања о значајним разликама које постоје у коришћењу садржаја на интернету. Основни проблем овога истраживања односи се на испитивање родних разлика у коришћењу интернета код популације студената из три балканске земље. Анализе се базирају на налазима теренског истраживања под називом „Културна оријентација актера/студената, међуетнички односи, национални идентитет и култура мира на Балкану“, на узорку од укупно 2400 испитаника студентске популације у универзитетским центрима (Ниш/Србија, Битољ/Македонија, Велико Трново/Бугарска). Резултати указују на постојање родних разлика у коришћењу интернета у све три посматране државе, али такође указују на постојање разлика између добијених резултата у свакој држави понаособ. Наиме, у Бугарској су добијене статистички значајне разике само у 3 од 12 варијабли, а у Србији и Македонији по 5. Овај резултат може значити да је Бугарска, као земља чланица Европске уније, одмакла корак даље од Србије и Македоније на путу смањивања родних разлика у погледу коришћења нових технологија међу студентском популацијом.

Кључне речи: студентска популација, Балкан, родне разлике, коришћење интернета


The aim of this paper is to offer a gender-differentiated analysis based on the obtained gender-sensitive data and on existing differences regarding the use of Internet content. The main issue of this research concerns the examination of gender differences regarding the use of the Internet among university students of three Balkan countries. The analyses are based on the findings from the fieldwork study entitled “Cultural orientation of actors/students, interethnic relations, national identity and culture of peace in the Balkans”, conducted on the sample of a total of 2,400 student respondents in three university centres (Niš/Serbia, Bitolj/FYR Macedonia, and Veliko Trnovo/Bulgaria). The results indicate that gender differences do matter with respect to the use of the Internet in all three observed countries and that there are differences in the obtained results between each country. Namely, in Bulgaria we have encountered statistically significant differences in only three out of twelve items, while in both Serbia and FYR Macedonia we observed them in five out of twelve items. As regards the matter of reducing gender differences in the use of new technologies among student population, this result may indicate slight progress in Bulgaria in comparison to Serbia and FYR Macedonia, Bulgaria being a member of the EU.

Key words: student population, the Balkans, gender differences, use of the Internet

Full Text:

PDF (Cрпски)


Aktürk, A.O. (2014). A study on epistemological beliefs of community college students and their self-efficacy beliefs regarding educational use of the Internet. Education, 134(3), 426-442.

Alvarado, C., Dodds, Z. & Libeskind-Hadas, R. (2012). Increasing women's participation in computing at Harvey Mudd College. ACM Inroads, 3(4), 55-64

Bargh, J., McKenna, K. (2004). Internet and social life. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 573-590, doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141922

Castells, M. (2002). Moć identiteta [The power of identity]. Zagreb: Golden marketing

Colás, P., González, T. & de Pablos, J. (2013). Young People and Social Networks: Motivations and Preferred Uses. Comunicar, 40(XX), 15-23. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C40-2013-02-01

Colley, A. M., Gale, M. T. & Harris, T. A. (1994). Effects of gender role identity and experience on computer attitude components, Journal of Educational Computing Research, 10(2), 129–137.

De Cock, R. Vangeel, J., Klein, A., Minotte, P., Rosas, O. & Meerkerk, G-J. (2014). Compulsive Use of Social Networking Sites in Belgium: Prevalence, Profile, and the Role of Attitude Toward Work and School. Cyberpsychology, behavior, and social networking, 17(3), 166-171, doi:10.1089/cyber.2013.0029.

Dragojlov V. (2006/2007). Rod i tehnologije-kompjuteri; Ukorenjeni stereotipovi; Kibernetika i feminizam; Žene-korisnice interneta (Gender and technology-computers; Rooted stereotypes; Cybernetics and feminism; Women-Internet users.) URL: http://www.zenskestudije.org.rs/04_obrazovni_rad/nastavni_programi.html, pristupljeno 25.05.2015.

Dyck, J. L., Smither, J. A.-A. (1994). Age differences in computer anxiety: The role of computer experience, gender and education, Journal of Educational Computing Research, 10(3), 239–248.

Gidens E. (2003). Sociologija [Sociology]. Beograd: Ekonomski fakultet, Čugura print.

Gofman, E. (2000) Kako predstavljamo sebe u svakodnevnom životu (How we present ourselves in everyday life) , Beograd: Geopolitika

Jackson, L. A., Ervin, K.S. & Gardner, P.D. (2001). Gender and the Internet: Women communicating and men searching, Sex Roles, 44(5/6), 363–379, doi: 10.1023/A:1010937901821

Jarić I. (2002). Rodni stereotipi [Gender Stereotypes]. In: Nova srpska politička misao: polni stereotipi, Nova srpska politička misao, Beograd, 6.

Jones, C., Ramanau, R., Cross, S., Healing, G. (2010). Net generation or digital natives: is there a distinct new generation entering university? Computers & Education, 54(3), 722-732. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2009.09.022

Kaplan, R. (1994). The Gender Gap at the PC Keyboard. Women Use Office Computers More than Men, But Computer Companies Sell to Men. American emographics, 16, 18.

Lin, S., Shih, T.-H. & Lu, R. (2013). ICT Proficiency and gender: a validation on training and development. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 23(2), 179–190. doi: 10.1007/s10798-011-9173-5

Litt, E. (2013). Measuring users' internet skills: a review of past assessments and a look toward the future. New Media & Society, 15(4), 612-630. doi: 10.1177/1461444813475424

Miller, L. M., Schweingruber, H. & Brandenberg, C. L. (2001). Middle school students’ technology practices and preferences: Reexamining gender differences. Journal of Educational Multimedia Hypermedia, 10(2), 125–140.

Mrđa, S. (2004). Kulturni habitus omladine [Cultural habit of Youth]. In: Srećko Mihajlović (Ed.), Mladi u tranziciji (157-177). Beograd: Centar za proučavanje alternativa.

Newton, S. (2001). Breaking the Code: Women Confront the Promises and the Perils of High Technology. Women’s Studies Quarterly, 29, 71–79.

Nie H. N., Hillygus D. S. (2002). The impact of internet use on sociability: time-diary findings. IT&society, 1(1), 1-20.

Norris, P. (2001). Digital Divide. Civic Engagement, Information Poverty and the Internet Worldwide. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ono, H., Zavodny, M. (2003). Gender and the Internet. Social Science Quarterly, 84, 111-121. doi: 10.1111/1540-6237.t01-1-8401007

Ortner, Š. (2003) Ţena sparam muškarca kao priroda spram kulture [Woman Juxtaposed to Man as Nature Juxtaposed to Culture]. In: Lydia Sklevicky, Ţarana Papić (eds.) Antropologija ţene [Anthropology of the Woman], (146-206). Beograd: Prosveta.

Passig, D., Levin, H. (1999). Gender interest differences with multimedia learning interfaces. Computers in Human Behavior, 15(2), 173–183.

Patitsas, E., Craig, M., & Easterbrook, S. (2014). A historical examination of the social factors affecting female participation in computing. In Proceedings of the 2014 conference on innovation & technology in computer science education (pp. 111-116). New York, NY, USA. doi: 10.1145/2591708.2591731

Petrović, J. (2014). Osnovne informacije o uzorku, instrumentu i terenskoj realizaciji empirijskog istraživanja „Kulturna orijentacija aktera/studenata, međuetnički odnosi, nacionalni identitet i kultura mira na Balkanu“ (Basic information about the sample, the instrument and the realization of a field research "Cultural orientation actors / students, interethnic relations, national identity and culture of peace in the Balkans). U: Dragana S. Zaharijevski, Gorana Đorić, Gordana Stojić (ur.) Kulturne orijentacije studenata i kultura mira na Balkanu (11-16). Niš: Filozofski fakultet Univerziteta u Nišu, Centar za sociološka istraživanja, Scero Print.

Schaumburg, H. (2004). Laptop computers in the classroom—a way to overcome the technological gender gap among students? Medienpsychologie, 16, 142–154.

Tajfel, H., Turner, J.C. (1986). The Social Identity theory of intergroup Behavior. In S. Worchel and L. W. Austin (eds.), Psychology of Intergroup Relations.Chicago: Nelson-Hall.

Tekinarslan, E. (2011). Faculty Of Education Students’ Self-Efficacy Perceptions Toward Online Technologies. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 10(37), 120-134.

Thompson, S.H.; Lougheed, E. (2012). Frazzled by Facebook? An exploratory study of gender differences in social network communication among undergraduate men and women. College Student Journal, 46(1), 88-98.

Van Deursen, A.J.A.M., van Dijk, J.A.G.M., Peters, O. (2011). Rethinking Internet skills: The contribution of gender, age, education, Internet experience, and hours online to medium- and content-related Internet skills. Poetics, 39(2), 125–144. doi: 10.1016/j.poetic.2011.02.001

Varma, R. (2009). Gender differences in factors influencing students towards computing. Computer Science Education, 19(1), 37-49. doi: 10.1080/08993400902819006

Whitley, B. E. (1996). Gender differences in computer related attitudes: It depends on what you ask. Computers in Human Behaiour, 12(2), 275–289.

Zaharijevski D. S. (2008). Konstrukcija identitetskih kategorija u zavisnosti od porodičnih vrednosnih obrazaca i socijalno-ekonomskih karakteristika (The construction of identity categories depending on the family value patterns and socio-economic characteristics). In Đorđević D. B., Todorović, D. (Ed.) Kvalitet međuetničkih odnosa i kultura mira na Balkanu, (199-210). Niš: Filozofki fakultet Univerziteta u Nišu, Centar za sociološka istraživanja, Punta.

Zhou, M. (2014). Gender difference in web search perceptions and behavior: Does it vary by task performance? Computers & Education, 78, 174-184. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2014.06.005


  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804