Марија Ђорђевић, Марина Матејевић

DOI Number
First page
Last page


This paper addresses the issue of the intensity of the inter-role conflict regarding the parent and business roles and the relation between the conflict and variables: gender, level of education and type of work. The problem of the inter-role conflict is accessed through the famous model of job-family conflict, developed by Greenhaus & Beutell (1985), according to which the impact of work on family and vice versa consists of three subdimensions: time-based conflict, the conflict based on effort, strain and characteristics of persons and conflict based on the behaviour. This research was performed among 204 participants - working parents with at least one child between the age of three and sixteen, from Serbia. The obtained results show that the participants do not express conflict between the parent and business roles, while they reported a positive employment effects. So, it shows that the parents’ employment positively influences the family atmosphere. There were significant differences between the conflict based on strain, that were found between the male and female participants – the results showed a greater number of mothers who have conflict based on strain than the fathers. Also, differences were found regarding the parents’ level of education - the positive employment effect is greater among parents with higher levels of education than the parents with lower levels of education.


conflict based on strain, conflict based on the behaviour, conflict between the parent and business roles, time-based conflict, work-family.

Full Text:

PDF (Cрпски)


Barnett, R. C. & Rivers, C. (1996). She works, he works: How two-income families are happy, healthy, and thriving. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Vidanović, S., Todorović, J. i Hedrih, V. (2006). Porodica i posao – izazovi i mogućnosti [Family and work - challenges and opportunities]. Niš: Filozofski fakultet.

Viers, D. & Prouty, A. (2001). We’ve Come a Long Way? An Overview of Research of Dual Career Couples’ Stressors and Strenths. The Haworth Press.

Goldner Vukov, M. (1988). Porodica u krizi [Family in crisis]. Beograd: Medicinska knjiga.

Greenhaus, J. H. & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Sources of conflict between work and family roles. Academy of Management Review, 10, 76–88.

Zedeck, S. (1987). Work, Family, and Organizations: An Untapped Research Triangle. Institute of Industrial Relations. Institute of Industrial Relations Working Paper Series.

Kahn, R. L., Wolfe, D. M., Quinn, R., Snoek, J. D., & Rosenthal, R. A. (1964). Organizational stress. New York: Wiley.

Kopelman, R.Е., Greenhouse Ј.H. & Connolly T.F. (1983). A model of Work, Family and Interrole Conflict: A Construct Validation Study. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 32, 198-215. doi: 10.1016/0030-5073(83)90147-2

Матејевић, М. (2012). Функционалност породичних система и васпитни стил родитеља у породицама са адолесцентима [Family system functionality and educational styles of parents in families with adolescents]. Настава и васпитање, 1, 128-141.

Матејевић, М. (2009). Функционалност породица студената и склоност ка алкохолизму и наркоманији [The functionality of the student’s family and alcoholism and drug addiction]; У Студенти, секс и дрога, Зборник радова (149-160). Центар за научна истраживања САНУ и Универзитет у Нишу.

Mesmer-Magnus, J. & Viswesvaran, C. (2005). Convergence between measures of work-to-family and family-to-work conflict: A meta-analytic examination. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 67 (2), 215-232.

Миливојевић, С. (2014). Промене у савременом породичном животу и трансформација породице и домаћинства [Changes in modern family life and transformation of family and family life]; У Зборник радова Филозофског факултета 44 (3) (241-253). doi:10.5937/ZRFFP44-7024

Minuchin, S. & Fishman H. C. (1981). Family therapy Techniques. Harvard University Press.

Mihić, V., Mihić, I. i Spasojević, A. (2011). Konflikt porodičnih i profesionalnih uloga: rodna perspektiva [Conflicts of family and professional roles: a gender perspective]; U Mihić, I. i Zotović М. (ur.). Porodične i profesionalne uloge: značaj zaposlenja za porodično funkcionisanje (49-57). Novi Sad: Filozofski fakultet.

Olson, D. H. (2000). Circumlex Model of Marital and Family Sistems. Journal of Family Therapy, 22, 144-167.

Petrović, J., Mihić, I., Zotović, M. & Kapor-Stanulović, N. (2009). Family Roles of Father and Mother in the Families in the Process of Transition. Zbornik Matice srpske za društvene nauke, 128 (31-45).

Carlson, D. S., Kacmar, K. M. & Williams, L. J. (2000). Construction and Initial Validation of a Multidimensional Measure of Work-Family Conflict. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 56, 249-276.

Cooklin, A. R., Westrupp, E., Strazdins, L., Giallo, R., Martin, A. & Nicholson, J. M. (2014). Mothers’ Work–Family Conflict and Enrichment: Associations with Parenting Quality and Couple Relationship. Child: Care, Health and Development, 41 (2), 266–277. doi:10.1111/cch.12137

Трипковић, Г. (2004). Породица у транзицији [Family in transition]. Социолошки преглед, 38, 1–2, 205–218.

Frone, M. R., Russel, M. & Barnes, G. M. (1996). Work-family conflict, gender, and health-related outcomes: a study of employed parents in two community samples. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1(1): 57-69.

Šverko, B. i Galić, Z. (2009). Kvaliteta radnog života u Hrvatskoj: subjektivne procjene tijekom posljednjih 15 godina [Quality of working life in Croatia: subjective ratings during the last 15 years]; In Franičević, V. i Puljiz, V. (eds.). Rad u Hrvatskoj: pred izazovima budućnosti (197-223). Zagreb: Centar za demokraciju i pravo Miko Tripalo i Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804