Marija Petrović-Ranđelović, Zorana Kostić, Ivana Kostadinović

DOI Number
First page
Last page


During the last decade of the 20th century, the importance of clusters has been increased as an integral element of development strategies aimed at improving national competitiveness in a globalized economic environment. Linking of firms in clusters increases business efficiency, but also the ability for innovate the business processes and reduce barriers to entry into a particular market. Monitoring the pace of cluster development is particularly important in countries that are trying to become innovations driven economy. The aim of this paper is to determine whether the speed and direction of changes in cluster development follow the changes in the achieved level of national competitiveness in the countries of the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia) in the period 2008-2016. The realization of the basic goal of the research was carried out using the methods of correlation analysis, multi-criteria optimization, descriptive statistics and comparative method. Practical implications of the research results suggest that faster cluster development in the Western Balkan countries is one of the main factors that can contribute to a faster transition to a higher stage of national economies development. The key contribution of this research is reflected in a clearer understanding of the importance that cluster development has in improving the national competitiveness of the Western Balkan countries and providing recommendations regarding the activities of competent state authorities whose implementation can lead to the improvement of the state of cluster development and raising the level of national competitiveness of the countries of the region.

Full Text:



Becattini, G. (1979). Dal settore industriale al distretto industriale. Alcune considerazioni sull’unità d’indagine dell’economia industriale. Rivista di economia e politica industriale, 1, 7-21.

Brenner, T., & Gildner, A. (2006). The long-term implications of local industrial clusters. European Planning Studies, 14(9), 1315-1328.

Cairncross, F. (1997). The death of distance. London: Orion Business Books.

Copenhagen Economics (2007). Internal Summary Report WP4. BSR InnoNet, Draft Version.

Coyle, D. (1997). The weightless world: Strategies for managing the digital economy. London: Capstone.

Coyle, D. (2001). Paradoxes of prosperity: Why the new capitalism benefits all. London: Texere Publishing.

Fujita, M. Krugman, P. & Venables, A. (2000). The spatial economy: Cities regions and international trade. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Gray, J. (1998). False dawn: The delusions of global capitalism. London: Granta Books.

Jefferson Institute (2003). Konkurentnost privrede Srbije. Beograd.

Marshall, A. (1890) Principles of economics. London: Macmillan.

Martin, R. L. (2017) A Study on the Factors of Regional Competitiveness: A draft final report for The European Commission, Directorate-General Regional Policy. Retrieved from pdf (15.05.2017.).

O’Brien, R. (1992). Global financial integration: The end of geography? London: Pinter.

Ohmae, K. (1995). The end of the nation state: The rise of regional economies. London: Harper Collins.

Петровић-Ранђеловић, М. & Милетић, Д. (2016). Регионална анализа конкурентске позиције Републике Србије (Regional analysis of the competitive position of the Republic of Serbia). У Аранђеловић, З. (Прир.): Регионални развој и демографски токови земаља Југоисточне Европе (53-68). Ниш: Универзитет у Нишу, Економски факултет.

Porter, M. E. (1990). The competitive advantages of nations. Harward Business Reeview, March-April, 73-91.

Porter, M. E. (1998). Clusters and the new economics of competitiveness. Harvard Business Review, December, 77-90.

Porter, M.E. (2000). Location, competition and economic development: Local clusters in a global economy. Economic Development Quarterly, 14 (1), 15–34.

Porter, M. E. (2003). The economic performance of regions. Regional Studies, 37(6,7), 549-578.

Radukić, S., Petrović-Ranđelović, M. (2012). The challenges of competitiveness improvement of the Sebian economy in the post-crisis period. In B. Krstić and A. Chodyński (Eds.), Current problems of competitiveness improvement in national economies and enterprises (pp. 245-262). Niš: Faculty of Economics, University of Niš.

Sala, D. C., Maticiuc, M. D., & Munteanu, V. P. (2016). Clusters influence on competitiveness. Evidences from European Union countries. 10th International Management Conference: Challenges of modern management (10-17). BUCHAREST: ROMANIA. Retrieved from (10.04.2017).

Scott, A. J. (1998). Regions and the world economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Scott, A. J. (Ed.). (2001). Global city regions: Trends, theory and policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Солдић-Алексић, Ј., & Chroneos Красавац, Б. (2009). Квантитативне технике у истраживању тржишта: Примена СПСС рачунарског пакета [Quantitative techniques in market research: Application of SPSS computer package]. Beograd: Centar za izdavačku delatnost Ekonomskog fakulteta u Beogradu.

Sölvell, Ö., Lindqvist, G., & Ketels, C. (2003). The cluster initiative greenbook. Stockholm: Ivory Tower AB. Retrieved from (10.04.2017).

Стевановић, Т. (2016). Софистицираност пословних процеса као детерминанта конкурентности Републике Србије [Business sophistication as a determinant of the competitiveness of the Republic of Serbia]. У Б. Крстић (Прир.), Детерминанте конкурентности Републике Србије [Determinants of competitiveness of the Republic of Serbia], (pp. 267-311). Ниш: Универзитет у Нишу, Економски факултет.

Wares, A. C., & Hadley, S. J. (2008). The cluster approach to economic development.USAID Technical Brief, 7, Retrieved from (15.05.2017.).

World Economic Forum (2008). The Global Competitiveness Report 2008-2009. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Economic Forum (2009). The Global Competitiveness Report 2009-2010. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Economic Forum (2010). The Global Competitiveness Report 2010-2011. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Economic Forum (2011). The Global Competitiveness Report 2011-2012. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Economic Forum (2012). The Global Competitiveness Report 2012-2013. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Economic Forum (2013). The Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Economic Forum (2014). The Global Competitiveness Report 2014-2015. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Economic Forum (2015). The Global Competitiveness Report 2015-2016. Geneva, Switzerland.

World Economic Forum (2016). The Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017. Geneva, Switzerland.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804