Gordana Lazar Vulevic, Maja Željko Milić

DOI Number
First page
Last page


Narcissism, says Lacan, is an inherent characteristic of human subjectivity that rests upon the primary narcissistic identifications characteristic of the mirror stage. Unlike Kohut, who in his later works argued for the recognition of a particular nosological category, that of the so-called narcissistic disorders, Lacan asserts the opposite - that all mental disorders are essentially narcissistic. What distinguishes them is not the presence or absence of narcissism, but the different relations that the subject can develop to narcissism itself. Psychoticism and neuroticism are both narcissistic in their own ways. Put simply, all these disorders are essentially narcissistic, because what lies at their essence is the relationship between the imaginary and the symbolic order. Psychoticism leads to the loss of subjectivity in the realm of early non-integrated (narcissistic) identifications, while neuroticism is characterized by insufficient distancing. But in both cases, what is crucial is the fundamental transformation that marks the destiny of the subject, a transformation that the subject undergoes by taking the image of the other by means of the mirror stage.


Lacan, mirror stage, narcissism, neuroses, psychoses

Full Text:



Frojd, S. (2003). Paranoja i homoseksualnost [Paranoia and Homosexuality]. Beograd: Čigoja.

Jevremović P. (2000). Lakan i psihoanaliza. [Lacan and psychoanalysis]. Beograd: Čigoja.

Klein M. (1977). Notes on Some Schizoid Mechanisms. Envy and Gratitude & Other Works 1946 – 1963. London: A Delta Book.

Kohut, H. (1978). Thoughts of narcissism and narcissistic rage. The search for the self. Selected Writings of Heinz Kohut. London: International University Press.

Lacan J. (1988). The seminar of Jacques Lacan. Ed. Jacque-Alain Miller. Book II, The Ego in Freud’s Theory and in the Technique of Psychoanalysis 1954 – 1955. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lacan J. (1993). The Psychoses. The Seminar of Jacques Lacan. Ed. Jacque-Alain Miller. London: Routledge.

Lacan J. (2004). Ecrits. New York: W.W. Norton &Company

Muller J. P. & Richardson W. J. (1985). Lacan and Language: A reader’s Guide to Ecrits. New York: International Universities Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

© University of Niš, Serbia
Creative Commons licence CC BY-NC-ND
Print ISSN: 0353-7919
Online ISSN: 1820-7804