ДИСТРИБУЦИЈА БОГАТСТВА НА ВЕШТАЧКИМ ФИНАНСИЈСКИМ ТРЖИШТИМА СА АДАПТИБИЛНИМ АГЕНТИМА/WEALTH DISTRIBUTION IN AN ARTIFICIAL FINANCIAL MARKET WITH AGENT ADAPTATION

Огњен Радовић, Јовица Станковић, Ивана Марковић

DOI Number
-
First page
1149
Last page
1163

Abstract


Апстракт

Основни циљ овог рада је анализа утицаја процеса адаптације и структуре мреже на коначну расподелу богатсва међу агентима трговања. Анализа обухвата електронско финансијско тржиште представљено комплексном мрежом без скале. Током процеса симулације трговине, ток информација између чворова мреже (трговаца) утиче на процес инвестиционог одлучивања. Кључни аспекти овог процеса су Wидроw-Хофф-ов алгоритам адаптације и величина комплексне мреже. Анализа је показала да процес адаптације нивоа самопоуздања и имитације богатијих агената смањује утицај пораста величине мреже и одржава дистрибуцију богатства на приближно истом нивоу. Коришћењем Паретовог модела показаћемо две ствари. Са једне стране, повећање величине мреже и растојања између чворова повећава равномерност дистрибуције богатства међу богатијим агентима, и са друге стране, повећава јаз међу сиромашнијим агентима. Узрок оваквог понашања модела лежи у релативно брзој размени информација међу богатијим трговцима и споре размене информација међу сиромашнијим трговцима. Ово понашање последица је повећања растојања између чворова мрежа са повећањем дијаметра мреже. Коришћени рачунарски модел је имплементиран у програмском окружењу НетЛого а статистичка анализа комплексне мреже у програмима Пајек и Оригин.

Кључне речи: мреже без скале, вештачка финансијска тржишта, расподела богатства

 

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze the influence of the process of adaptation and network structure on the final wealth distribution of trading agents. The analysis was conducted on an electronic financial market represented by a complex scale-free network. In a trading simulation, the flow of information between the network nodes (traders) influences the decision-making process in terms of investment. The Widrow-Hoff algorithm for adaptation and the size of a complex network are the key aspects of the process. The analysis indicated that the ability to adapt the level of self-confidence and imitate wealthy agents decreases the effect of increase in the network size and maintains the wealth distribution at approximately the same level. Using Pareto’s model, we will show a two-fold outcome. On the one hand, the increase in the size of the network and the distance between the nodes increases the even distribution of wealth among the wealthier traders, and increases the gap between the poorer trading agents. The cause of this model behavior can be found in the relatively quick exchange of information between the wealthier trading agents, and the slower exchange between the poorer trading agents. This behavior is a consequence of the increase in the average distance between the network nodes with an increase in the network diameter. The computer model included in the analysis was designed in the NetLogo modeling environment, while the statistical analysis of the complex network was performed using the Pajek and Origin programs.

Key words: scale-free networks, artificial financial markets, wealth distribution


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